Are you in Canada? Click here to proceed to the HK Canada website.
For all other locations, click here to continue to the HK US website.
Purchase Courses or Access Digital Products
If you are looking to purchase online videos, online courses or to access previously purchased digital products please press continue.
Purchase Print Products or eBooks
Human Kinetics print books and eBooks are now distributed by Mare Nostrum, throughout the UK, Europe, Africa and Middle East, delivered to you from their warehouse. Please visit our new UK website to purchase Human Kinetics printed or eBooks.
Breathing ribs: Imagine your inhalation floating outward in between your individual ribs, imparting a feeling of lift and lightness.
Elastic intercostals: Imagine your inhalation expanding the muscles between your ribs, the intercostals. As you exhale, imagine these muscles releasing. Notice how an elastic image for the intercostals affects your breathing.
Float and drop: As you inhale, imagine the body of the ribs being lifted while the joint heads slide down on the spinal and transverse facets. Since the joints are located at or near the spine, the feeling during inhalation is up in the front and on the side of the body, while in the back, the feeling is downward and close to the spine.
Light and heavy rib heads: Imagine the rib heads sliding down on inhalation, making the rib bodies float up in counterpoint. Enhance the rib heads with some extra imaginary weight while the rib bodies become lighter. Imagine light rib heads and heavy bodies during exhalation.
Balloon-supported ribs: On inhalation, imagine the rib bodies to be lifted upward by balloons while the rib heads slide down (figure 15.17). On exhalation, the rib bodies lower, and the rib heads slide up.
Exhaling seesaw lift: During exhalation, as the ribs drop downward, feel them providing the spine with a sense of lift. You can use the image of a seesaw. As the ribs go down, the other end (the spine) is lifted.
Spiral lift: The facet of the rib facing the transverse articulation is concave; the head of the rib facing the spine is more convex. This causes the rib to perform a slight spiral action as it moves up and down.
Rib cage as an umbrella (supine, standing): Visualize the rib cage as an umbrella whose handle is in the pelvis, and whose point is the top of the spine. The shaft of the umbrella is aligned with the central axis. As you inhale, the umbrella opens and widens all around—front, back, up, down, and sideways. As you exhale, the umbrella closes toward the central axis. Practice this image three or four times, accompanying an exhalation with a sibilant hiss. (Exercise adapted from Lulu Sweigard.)
Rib oars (supine): Imagine the interaction between the ribs and the spine to be like a rowing team propelling a slender boat through the water. The oars move in the opposite direction of the boat as the blades push though the water and transfer their leverage to the boat. On exhalation, the oars (ribs) move downward through the water’s resistance, imparting upward force to the boat (spine); on inhalation, the spine is embraced by the inflating lungs. In this way the ribs and lungs combine to create an upward push and expansion against the spine in exhalation and inhalation, respectively (figure 15.18).