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Physical Activity Instruction of Older Adults-2nd Edition

Physical Activity Instruction of Older Adults-2nd Edition

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$154.95 CAD

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    Book

    Physical Activity Instruction of Older Adults, Second Edition, is the most comprehensive text available for current and future fitness professionals who want to design and implement effective, safe, and fun physical activity programs for older adults with diverse functional capabilities.

    Along with an updated review of the research and literature, the second edition introduces a new chapter on the concept of whole-person wellness. It offers strategies for integrating the six dimensions of whole-person wellness (physical, emotional, intellectual, vocational, spiritual, and social) into health promotion and physical activity programs for older adults.

    This cohesive blend of theory, practical content, and detailed instruction is divided into four parts, each of which addresses one or more of the nine training modules that comprise International Curriculum Guidelines for Preparing Physical Activity Instructors of Older Adults, the expert-developed guidelines on which this text is based:
    • Part I presents an overview of the physiological aspects of aging and the field of gerokinesiology to help readers understand the psychosocial and cognitive benefits derived from regular physical activity.
    • Part II leads readers through the process of conducting preexercise health screenings and assessments, providing meaningful feedback to clients, evaluating program outcomes, and helping clients develop short- and long-term behavioral goals.
    • Part III emphasizes programming principles and training methods that will facilitate the development of well-rounded and effective exercise programs. It includes specific activities for engaging older adults mentally, emotionally, socially, and spiritually along with myriad dynamic and static flexibility exercises to address joint and muscle flexibility, muscle strength, balance, mobility, endurance, and power.
    • Part IV focuses on the teaching, motivation, communication, and leadership skills that are necessary for creating effective and safe programs for older adults, with or without specific medical conditions.
    The text also offers a variety of features devised to enhance reader understanding and learning retention. Chapters begin with a list of objectives to familiarize readers with the key concepts they will learn, and each chapter concludes with thought-provoking study questions and practical application activities to help readers use the information with real-world scenarios to prepare them to design well-rounded physical activity programs. Other student-friendly elements include chapter summaries and key terms. The content is supplemented with photos, figures, and tables, making the book interesting and visually appealing. Those graphical elements are included in an image bank for instructors to use in creating customized presentations for their course.

    Physical Activity Instruction of Older Adults, Second Edition, offers students and fitness professionals a contemporary approach that embraces a comprehensive wellness framework for designing health promotion and physical activity programs for older adults.

    Audience

    Text for certification providers and universities offering courses relating to physical activity and older adults; also a reference for physical activity instructors, fitness specialists, personal trainers, activity directors, activity assistants, and therapeutic recreation specialists working with older adults.

    Table of Contents

    Preface
    Acknowledgments
    Part I. Overview of Aging and Physical Activity
    Chapter 1. The Field of Gerokinesiology
    Debra J. Rose and Dawn A. Skelton
    Demographics of Older Adults
    Benefits of Physical Activity
    Defining Old Age
    Gerokinesiology: An Expanding Field of Study
    Curriculum Development
    Later Life Training Curricula: The Gold Standard for Instructor Training?
    Career Opportunities
    Summary
    Key Terms
    Recommended Reading
    Study Questions
    Application Activities
    Chapter 2. Predictors of Successful Aging
    Debra J. Rose
    Biological Theories of Aging
    Psychological Theories of Aging
    Sociological Theories of Aging
    Models of Successful Aging
    Physical Activity as a Determinant of Successful Aging
    Summary
    Key Terms
    Recommended Reading
    Study Questions
    Application Activities
    Chapter 3. Psychological and Sociocultural Aspects of Physical Activity for Older Adults
    Kathleen S. Wilson
    Aging Stereotypes
    Psychosocial Benefits of Physical Activity
    Promoting Physical Activity
    Summary
    Key Terms
    Recommended Reading
    Study Questions
    Application Activities
    Chapter 4. Physiological Aspects of Aging
    Priscilla G. MacRae
    Cardiovascular Function
    Respiratory Function
    Muscle Function
    Skeletal Function
    Nervous System Function
    Summary
    Key Terms
    Recommended Reading
    Study Questions
    Application Activities

    Part II. Screening, Assessment, and Goal Setting
    Chapter 5. Preexercise and Health Screening
    Debra J. Rose
    Preexercise Screening
    Screening Steps
    Additional Screening Tools
    Implications for Program Design and Management
    Summary
    Key Terms
    Recommended Reading
    Study Questions
    Application Activities
    Chapter 6. Physical and Functional Assessments
    C. Jessie Jones and Roberta E. Rikli
    Functional Fitness Framework
    Considerations for Test Selection and Evaluation
    Recommended Assessment Tools
    Guidelines for Group Physical Performance Testing
    Interpreting Test Results
    Summary
    Key Terms
    Recommended Reading
    Study Questions
    Application Activities
    Chapter 7. Goal Setting and Behavioral Management
    Sara Wilcox and Abby C. King
    Factors Influencing Older Adults’ Exercise Participation
    Theoretical Frameworks for Behavior Change
    Physically Active Lifestyles
    Implications for Program Design and Management
    Summary
    Key Terms
    Recommended Reading
    Study Questions
    Application Activities

    Part III. Core Program Principles and Training Methods
    Chapter 8. Important Considerations When Designing Exercise Programs for Older Adults
    Debra J. Rose
    Heterogeneity of Older Adults
    Optimizing Physical Function Through Exercise
    Exercise Principles for Program Design
    Specific Exercise Principles for Older Adults
    Summary
    Key Terms
    Recommended Reading
    Study Questions
    Application Activities
    Chapter 9. Whole-Person Wellness for Successful Aging
    Janis M. Montague, Debra J. Rose, and Judy Aprile
    Wellness: A Change in Perspective and Perception
    Defining Wellness: A Historical Perspective
    Whole-Person Wellness: A Comprehensive Perspective
    Whole-Person Wellness and Successful Aging: A Winning Combination
    Defining the Dimensions of Wellness
    Applying the Dimensions of Wellness
    Summary
    Key Terms
    Recommended Reading
    Study Questions
    Application Activities
    Chapter 10. Principles of the Warm-Up and Cool-Down
    Mary Ann Kluge
    Warming Up
    Goal Setting
    Assessing Participant Readiness
    Increasing the Challenge
    Engaging Participants Socially and Emotionally
    New Warm-Up Strategies
    Cooling Down
    Summary
    Key Terms
    Recommended Reading
    Study Questions
    Application Activities
    Chapter 11. Flexibility Training
    Debra J. Rose
    Age-Associated Changes in Flexibility
    Types of Stretching Techniques
    Incorporating Flexibility Training Into the Exercise Program
    Examples of Flexibility Exercises
    Summary
    Key Terms
    Recommended Reading
    Study Questions
    Application Activities
    Chapter 12. Resistance Training
    Joseph Signorile
    Benefits of Resistance Training
    Principles of Resistance Training
    Training Variables
    Resistance Training Conditions and Modalities
    Resistance Training for Older Adults
    Summary
    Key Terms
    Recommended Reading
    Study Questions
    Application Activities
    Chapter 13. Aerobic Endurance Training
    Susie Dinan-Young and Dawn A. Skelton
    Benefits of Aerobic Endurance Training for Older Adults
    Principles and Considerations for Aerobic Endurance Training
    Variables for Aerobic Endurance Training
    Training Precautions and Considerations
    Implications for Program Design and Management
    Summary
    Key Terms
    Recommended Reading
    Study Questions
    Application Activities
    Chapter 14. Balance and Mobility Training
    Debra J. Rose
    Age-Associated Changes in Balance and Mobility
    Balance and Mobility Exercises
    Manipulating the Challenge in a Group Setting
    Summary
    Key Terms
    Recommended Reading
    Study Questions
    Application Activities

    Part IV. Program Design, Leadership, and Risk Management
    Chapter 15. Applying Movement Analysis and Motor Learning Principles to Program Design
    Debra J. Rose
    Nervous and Musculoskeletal System Changes and Motor Skill Learning
    Movement Analysis of Skills
    Motor Learning Principles for the Physical Activity Instructor
    Summary
    Key Terms
    Recommended Reading
    Study Questions
    Application Activities
    Chapter 16. Teaching and Leadership Skills
    Helen Hawley-Hague and Susie Dinan-Young
    Developing Your Leadership Style
    Developing Your Instructional Methods, Techniques, and Strategies
    Advancing Your Instructional Skills and Strategies
    Developing Your Leadership Skills
    Summary
    Key Terms
    Recommended Reading
    Study Questions
    Application Activities
    Chapter 17. Exercise Considerations for Medical Conditions
    Matthew J. Peterson
    Cardiovascular Conditions
    Pulmonary Disorders
    Diabetes
    Musculoskeletal Conditions
    Neurological and Cognitive Conditions
    Summary
    Key Terms
    Recommended Reading
    Study Questions
    Application Activities
    Chapter 18. Legal Standards, Risk Management, and Professional Ethics
    Debra J. Rose
    The Law and the Physical Activity Instructor
    Risk Management Plans
    Ethical Guidelines for the Physical Activity Instructor
    Summary
    Key Terms
    Recommended Reading
    Study Questions
    Application Activities
    Appendix A. International Curriculum Guidelines for Preparing Physical Activity Instructors of Older Adults
    Appendix B. IDEA Code of Ethics for Personal Trainers
    Appendix C. IDEA Code of Ethics for Group Fitness Instructors

    Study Questions Answer Key
    References
    Index
    About the Editor
    Contributors

    About the Author

    Debra Rose, PhD, is a professor in the division of kinesiology and health science and director of the Center for Successful Aging at California State University at Fullerton. She also serves as codirector of the Fall Prevention Center of Excellence at the University of Southern California. Her primary research focus is on the enhancement of mobility, postural control, and the prevention of falls in later years.

    Rose is nationally and internationally recognized for her work in assessment and programming for fall risk reduction. Her research in fall risk reduction in the elderly has been published in numerous peer-reviewed publications, including the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Neurology Report, and the Journal of Aging and Physical Activity—where she also served as an editor in chief. She was an expert contributor to Global Report on Falls Prevention in Older Age, published by the World Health Organization in 2007.

    Rose is the creator of the innovative fall risk reduction program FallProof™, which was recognized by the Health Promotion Institute of the National Council on Aging (NCOA) in 2006 as a Best Practice program in health promotion. This program is currently being implemented in numerous community-based settings and retirement communities throughout the United States.

    Rose was also the recipient of the 2013 Herbert A. DeVries Award for Distinguished Research on Aging from the American Association for Physical Activity and Recreation. She is a fellow and past president of the National Academy of Kinesiology (formerly American Academy of Kinesiology and Physical Education) and former executive board member of the North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity.