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Physical Activity Instruction of Older Adults-2nd Edition

Physical Activity Instruction of Older Adults-2nd Edition

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    Book

    Physical Activity Instruction of Older Adults, Second Edition, is the most comprehensive text available for current and future fitness professionals who want to design and implement effective, safe, and fun physical activity programs for older adults with diverse functional capabilities.

    Along with an updated review of the research and literature, the second edition introduces a new chapter on the concept of whole-person wellness. It offers strategies for integrating the six dimensions of whole-person wellness (physical, emotional, intellectual, vocational, spiritual, and social) into health promotion and physical activity programs for older adults.

    This cohesive blend of theory, practical content, and detailed instruction is divided into four parts, each of which addresses one or more of the nine training modules that comprise International Curriculum Guidelines for Preparing Physical Activity Instructors of Older Adults, the expert-developed guidelines on which this text is based:

    • Part I presents an overview of the physiological aspects of aging and the field of gerokinesiology to help readers understand the psychosocial and cognitive benefits derived from regular physical activity.

    • Part II leads readers through the process of conducting preexercise health screenings and assessments, providing meaningful feedback to clients, evaluating program outcomes, and helping clients develop short- and long-term behavioral goals.

    • Part III emphasizes programming principles and training methods that will facilitate the development of well-rounded and effective exercise programs. It includes specific activities for engaging older adults mentally, emotionally, socially, and spiritually along with myriad dynamic and static flexibility exercises to address joint and muscle flexibility, muscle strength, balance, mobility, endurance, and power.

    • Part IV focuses on the teaching, motivation, communication, and leadership skills that are necessary for creating effective and safe programs for older adults, with or without specific medical conditions.

    The text also offers a variety of features devised to enhance reader understanding and learning retention. Chapters begin with a list of objectives to familiarize readers with the key concepts they will learn, and each chapter concludes with thought-provoking study questions and practical application activities to help readers use the information with real-world scenarios to prepare them to design well-rounded physical activity programs. Other student-friendly elements include chapter summaries and key terms. The content is supplemented with photos, figures, and tables, making the book interesting and visually appealing. Those graphical elements are included in an image bank for instructors to use in creating customized presentations for their course.

    Physical Activity Instruction of Older Adults, Second Edition, offers students and fitness professionals a contemporary approach that embraces a comprehensive wellness framework for designing health promotion and physical activity programs for older adults.

    Audience

    Text for certification providers and universities offering courses relating to physical activity and older adults; also a reference for physical activity instructors, fitness specialists, personal trainers, activity directors, activity assistants, and therapeutic recreation specialists working with older adults.

    Table of Contents

    Part I. Overview of Aging and Physical Activity

    Chapter 1. The Field of Gerokinesiology

    Debra J. Rose and Dawn A. Skelton

    Demographics of Older Adults

    Benefits of Physical Activity

    Defining Old Age

    Gerokinesiology: An Expanding Field of Study

    Curriculum Development

    Later Life Training Curricula: The Gold Standard for Instructor Training?

    Career Opportunities

    Summary

    Key Terms

    Recommended Reading

    Study Questions

    Application Activities

    Chapter 2. Predictors of Successful Aging

    Debra J. Rose

    Biological Theories of Aging

    Psychological Theories of Aging

    Sociological Theories of Aging

    Models of Successful Aging

    Physical Activity as a Determinant of Successful Aging

    Summary

    Key Terms

    Recommended Reading

    Study Questions

    Application Activities

    Chapter 3. Psychological and Sociocultural Aspects of Physical Activity for Older Adults

    Kathleen S. Wilson

    Aging Stereotypes

    Psychosocial Benefits of Physical Activity

    Promoting Physical Activity

    Summary

    Key Terms

    Recommended Reading

    Study Questions

    Application Activities

    Chapter 4. Physiological Aspects of Aging

    Priscilla G. MacRae

    Cardiovascular Function

    Respiratory Function

    Muscle Function

    Skeletal Function

    Nervous System Function

    Summary

    Key Terms

    Recommended Reading

    Study Questions

    Application Activities

    Part II. Screening, Assessment, and Goal Setting

    Chapter 5. Preexercise and Health Screening

    Debra J. Rose

    Preexercise Screening

    Screening Steps

    Additional Screening Tools

    Implications for Program Design and Management

    Summary

    Key Terms

    Recommended Reading

    Study Questions

    Application Activities

    Chapter 6. Physical and Functional Assessments

    C. Jessie Jones and Roberta E. Rikli

    Functional Fitness Framework

    Considerations for Test Selection and Evaluation

    Recommended Assessment Tools

    Guidelines for Group Physical Performance Testing

    Interpreting Test Results

    Summary

    Key Terms

    Recommended Reading

    Study Questions

    Application Activities

    Chapter 7. Goal Setting and Behavioral Management

    Sara Wilcox and Abby C. King

    Factors Influencing Older Adults’ Exercise Participation

    Theoretical Frameworks for Behavior Change

    Physically Active Lifestyles

    Implications for Program Design and Management

    Summary

    Key Terms

    Recommended Reading

    Study Questions

    Application Activities

    Part III. Core Program Principles and Training Methods

    Chapter 8. Important Considerations When Designing Exercise Programs for Older Adults

    Debra J. Rose

    Heterogeneity of Older Adults

    Optimizing Physical Function Through Exercise

    Exercise Principles for Program Design

    Specific Exercise Principles for Older Adults

    Summary

    Key Terms

    Recommended Reading

    Study Questions

    Application Activities

    Chapter 9. Whole-Person Wellness for Successful Aging

    Janis M. Montague, Debra J. Rose, and Judy Aprile

    Wellness: A Change in Perspective and Perception

    Defining Wellness: A Historical Perspective

    Whole-Person Wellness: A Comprehensive Perspective

    Whole-Person Wellness and Successful Aging: A Winning Combination

    Defining the Dimensions of Wellness

    Applying the Dimensions of Wellness

    Summary

    Key Terms

    Recommended Reading

    Study Questions

    Application Activities

    Chapter 10. Principles of the Warm-Up and Cool-Down

    Mary Ann Kluge

    Warming Up

    Goal Setting

    Assessing Participant Readiness

    Increasing the Challenge

    Engaging Participants Socially and Emotionally

    New Warm-Up Strategies

    Cooling Down

    Summary

    Key Terms

    Recommended Reading

    Study Questions

    Application Activities

    Chapter 11. Flexibility Training

    Debra J. Rose

    Age-Associated Changes in Flexibility

    Types of Stretching Techniques

    Incorporating Flexibility Training Into the Exercise Program

    Examples of Flexibility Exercises

    Summary

    Key Terms

    Recommended Reading

    Study Questions

    Application Activities

    Chapter 12. Resistance Training

    Joseph Signorile

    Benefits of Resistance Training

    Principles of Resistance Training

    Training Variables

    Resistance Training Conditions and Modalities

    Resistance Training for Older Adults

    Summary

    Key Terms

    Recommended Reading

    Study Questions

    Application Activities

    Chapter 13. Aerobic Endurance Training

    Susie Dinan-Young and Dawn A. Skelton

    Benefits of Aerobic Endurance Training for Older Adults

    Principles and Considerations for Aerobic Endurance Training

    Variables for Aerobic Endurance Training

    Training Precautions and Considerations

    Implications for Program Design and Management

    Summary

    Key Terms

    Recommended Reading

    Study Questions

    Application Activities

    Chapter 14. Balance and Mobility Training

    Debra J. Rose

    Age-Associated Changes in Balance and Mobility

    Balance and Mobility Exercises

    Manipulating the Challenge in a Group Setting

    Summary

    Key Terms

    Recommended Reading

    Study Questions

    Application Activities

    Part IV. Program Design, Leadership, and Risk Management

    Chapter 15. Applying Movement Analysis and Motor Learning Principles to Program Design

    Debra J. Rose

    Nervous and Musculoskeletal System Changes and Motor Skill Learning

    Movement Analysis of Skills

    Motor Learning Principles for the Physical Activity Instructor

    Summary

    Key Terms

    Recommended Reading

    Study Questions

    Application Activities

    Chapter 16. Teaching and Leadership Skills

    Helen Hawley-Hague and Susie Dinan-Young

    Developing Your Leadership Style

    Developing Your Instructional Methods, Techniques, and Strategies

    Advancing Your Instructional Skills and Strategies

    Developing Your Leadership Skills

    Summary

    Key Terms

    Recommended Reading

    Study Questions

    Application Activities

    Chapter 17. Exercise Considerations for Medical Conditions

    Matthew J. Peterson

    Cardiovascular Conditions

    Pulmonary Disorders

    Diabetes

    Musculoskeletal Conditions

    Neurological and Cognitive Conditions

    Summary

    Key Terms

    Recommended Reading

    Study Questions

    Application Activities

    Chapter 18. Legal Standards, Risk Management, and Professional Ethics

    Debra J. Rose

    The Law and the Physical Activity Instructor

    Risk Management Plans

    Ethical Guidelines for the Physical Activity Instructor

    Summary

    Key Terms

    Recommended Reading

    Study Questions

    Application Activities

    Appendix A. International Curriculum Guidelines for Preparing Physical Activity Instructors of Older Adults

    Appendix B. IDEA Code of Ethics for Personal Trainers

    Appendix C. IDEA Code of Ethics for Group Fitness Instructors

    About the Author

    Debra Rose, PhD, is a professor in the division of kinesiology and health science and director of the Center for Successful Aging at California State University at Fullerton. She also serves as codirector of the Fall Prevention Center of Excellence at the University of Southern California. Her primary research focus is on the enhancement of mobility, postural control, and the prevention of falls in later years.

    Rose is nationally and internationally recognized for her work in assessment and programming for fall risk reduction. Her research in fall risk reduction in the elderly has been published in numerous peer-reviewed publications, including the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Neurology Report, and the Journal of Aging and Physical Activity—where she also served as an editor in chief. She was an expert contributor to Global Report on Falls Prevention in Older Age, published by the World Health Organization in 2007.

    Rose is the creator of the innovative fall risk reduction program FallProof™, which was recognized by the Health Promotion Institute of the National Council on Aging (NCOA) in 2006 as a Best Practice program in health promotion. This program is currently being implemented in numerous community-based settings and retirement communities throughout the United States.

    Rose was also the recipient of the 2013 Herbert A. DeVries Award for Distinguished Research on Aging from the American Association for Physical Activity and Recreation. She is a fellow and past president of the National Academy of Kinesiology (formerly American Academy of Kinesiology and Physical Education) and former executive board member of the North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity.

    Ancillaries

    All ancillaries are free to course adopters and available online.

    Image bank. Includes all of the images from the text—sorted by chapter—to provide instructors with flexibility when creating their own customized presentations, handouts, and other course resources.

    The image bank is also available for purchase • ISBN 978-1-4925-4515-6