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Sport and Public Policy PDF

Sport and Public Policy PDF

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    Sport and Public Policy: Social, Political, and Economic Perspectives is also available as an e-book. The e-book is available at a reduced price and allows readers to highlight and take notes throughout the text. When purchased through the Human Kinetics Web site, access to the e-book is immediately granted when the order is received.

    Sports figures, events, and organizations affect our society in vast, varied, and sometimes unexpected ways. To gain a broad-based understanding of how sport interfaces with public policy issues, a variety of viewpoints must be considered. Sport and Public Policy: Social, Political, and Economic Perspectives is the only text that examines some of the most compelling policy issues affecting the sports world from an interdisciplinary perspective—including economics, history, urban planning, not-for-profit administration, public health communications, political science, and philosophy. With contributions from a wide range of scholarly disciplines, this contemporary resource enhances traditional conversation and gives readers a fresh outlook on economic and political issues in sport.

     

    Sport and Public Policy presents a contemporary view of how to understand and analyze complex and controversial topics. It begins by examining issues related to professional sports—including the unique nature of American sports leagues, the decisions and conflicts involved in the organization of sports leagues and events, and labor strikes and conflicts. It then examines professional sports, cities, and public finance. Readers are drawn into thought-provoking discussion of issues such as the public investment in sports facilities and recent trends in stadium and arena construction. The book also presents an example of a unique model of not-for-profit community ownership in action, which readers can implement in their own cities.

     

    Sport and Public Policy explores amateur sports by presenting a fresh perspective on the link between sports and society, the dwindling levels of African-American participation in baseball, and whether or not the National Collegiate Athletic Association’s actions align with its stated principles and values. It also challenges the reader to think globally through a discussion of how sports affect and are affected by international relations, how a changing world economy is affecting the Olympic games, Major League Baseball’s efforts at global expansion, and the effects of global consumer marketing efforts.    

     

    The chapters encourage readers to consider their role as participants in sports and use their great power to make individual choices that influence their communities. To enhance the learning experience, Sport and Public Policy offers the following:

    An application and implementation section in select chapters helps readers understand how to apply the content in their own roles in the sport industry or society. The case studies added to most chapters illustrate how the information and research are being applied in the real world.   Some of the hottest topics in the sports world are covered from a public policy perspective, giving readers a new angle from which to analyze issues now and in the future.    

     

    Sport and Public Policy is a timely resource that will be valued by many. Researchers will use it as a springboard for further study of how sport affects our society economically, socially, and politically. Practitioners and anyone else interested in the role of sport in America will find the book creates a critical new awareness of sport’s interface with public policy and the potentially far-reaching implications of their decisions. 

    Table of Contents

    Part I. The Structure of Professional Sports

     

    Chapter 1.Cooperation Amidst Competition: The Nature of Sport Leagues

    Nathaniel Sampson and Gerard C.S. Mildner

    Why League Cooperation Is Necessary

    Downside of Cooperation

    Organized Baseball: Evolution of a Cartel

    Antitrust Law Interpretations and Baseball

    Antitrust and Other Leagues: Are All Sports Equal?

    Effect of Public Policy on the Balance of Power

    Future Trends

    Conclusion

     

    Chapter 2. Beyond the Major Leagues: Lessons from the Organization of International Sports

    Gerard C.S. Mildner

    Organization of Soccer, the World Sport

    Women’s Soccer: The Trial of a Single-Entity League

    Rugby: The Contest over Professionalism, Nations, and Clubs

    Cricket: The Broadcaster’s Leagues

    Lessons for American Sports

    Future Trends

    Conclusion

     

    Chapter 3. Why Professional Athletes Make So Much Money

    Zenon X. Zygmont

    The NHL’s Missing Season

    Wage Determination in Professional Sports

    Free Agency

    Evaluating Player Productivity

    Is it Possible to Pay too Much?

    Future TrendsConclusion

     

    Part II. Professional Sports, Cities, and Public Finance

     

    Chapter 4. Economic Impact of Sport Stadiums, Teams and Events

    Charles A. Santo

    Public Cost of Big-Time Sports

    Economic Magnitude of Sports in Perspective

    Promoting Sport Investment Through Economic Impact Analysis

    Sources of Exaggeration in Economic Impact Analysis

    Ex Post Facto Empirical Evaluations

    Policy Implications on Predicted Economic Impacts

    Conclusion

     

    Chapter 5. Cities, Stadiums, and Subsidies: Why Cities Spend So Much on Sports

    Charles A. Santo

    Evolution of Major League Sport Facility Development

    Political Economy of Sport Facility Development

    Importance of Consumption Benefits

    Future Trends

    Conclusion

     

    Chapter 6. Community Ownership of Professional Sport Teams and the Role of Social Entrepreneurship

    Dorothy Norris-Tirrell and Susan Tomlinson Schmidt

    Identifying Community Ownership Alternatives

    Using the Nonprofit-Charitable Purpose Structure: The Memphis Redbirds Baseball

    Foundation

    Future Trends

    Conclusion

     

    Part III. Amateur Athletics, Participation, and Public Health

     

    Chapter 7.Influences of Urban Form on Physical Activity

    Jennifer Dill and Lynn Weigand

    Importance and Decline of Physical Activity in the United States

    How Urban Growth Has Made Us Less Active

    Public Policies to Increase Physical Activity

    Do These Strategies Work?

    Future Trends

    Conclusion

     

    Chapter 8. MLB’s Mixed Messages: African American Participation in Baseball

    David C. Ogden

    Myth and Semiotics

    Analyzing MLB’s Messages

    Moving from Political Speech to Myth

    Challenging Myth

    Policy Implications for Myth Making

    Future Trends

    Conclusion

     

    Chapter 9.Contradictions and Conflicts: Ethical Dilemmas Inherent in Big-Time College Sports

    Richard Southall, Mark S. Nagel, John Amis,and  Crystal Southall

    College Sports Today

    National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA)

    Corporatization in College Sports

    Institutional Logics

    Case Study: 2006 NCAA Men’s Basketball Tournament Broadcasts

    Future Trends

    Conclusion

     

    Chapter 10. Sport, Doping, and Public Policy

    Bryan E. Denham

    Mediated Doping Representations and the Formation of Public Policy

    Sporting Competition and the Formation of Regulatory Bodies

    Media Representations, Government Hearings, and Public Policy in the 21st Century

    Future Trends

    Conclusion

     

    Part IV. Sports and Globalization

     

    Chapter 11. Political Economy of the Olympic Games

    Gregory Andranovich, Matthew J. Burbank, and Charles H. Heying

    Globalization, the New Economy, and Political Economy

    Political Economy and the Olympic Games

    Los Angeles: The Market Matters Most

    Atlanta: The State Matters Most

    Mexico City: Civil Society Matters Most

    Future Trends

    Conclusion

     

    Chapter 12. American Baseball and the Global Labor Market: Resistance and Hegemony in the Caribbean

    Charles A. Santo

    Globalization of American Professional Baseball

    Shared History and Parallel Development of Caribbean Baseball

    Dominican Dependency, Underdevelopment, and Exploitation

    Cuban Nationalism and Resistance

    Movement Along the Spectrum

    Future Trends

    Conclusion

     

    Chapter 13. Expanding Global Consumer Market for American Sports: The World Baseball Classic

    Mark S. Nagel, Matt T. Brown, Dan A. Rascher, and Chad D. McEvoy

    Baseball’s Worldwide Development

    The Consumption of MLB in the United States

    The Creation of the World Baseball Classic

    World Baseball Classic Revenue Sources

    Future TrendsConclusion

     

    About the Editor

    Charles A. Santo, PhD, is assistant professor of city and regional planning at the University of Memphis in Tennessee. He also serves as coordinator of the Planning Innovations Technology Lab. In addition to having taught courses on sport and public policy, he has published many peer-reviewed articles on the relationship between sport, economic development, and urban public policy. He has been invited to share his research at regional, national, and international conferences. Dr. Santo is a member of the Urban Affairs Association. He earned a PhD in urban studies from PortlandStateUniversity.  

     

    Gerard C. S. Mildner, PhD, has been at PortlandStateUniversity since 1991. Currently he is associate professor of urban studies and planning and director of the Center for Real Estate. Dr. Mildner has written extensively about real estate and location within cities. He is the author of several book chapters, including one on baseball and basketball stadium ownership and franchise incentives to relocate. He is a member of the Urban Affairs Association. He earned his PhD in economics from New YorkUniversity.