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Low Back Disorders 3rd Edition PDF With Web Resource

Low Back Disorders 3rd Edition PDF With Web Resource

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    Low Back Disorders, Third Edition With Web Resource, guides readers through the assessment and treatment of low back pain, providing evidence-based research on the best methods of rehabilitation and prevention of future injury. In this book, internationally recognized low back specialist Stuart McGill presents the research and applications of back anatomy and biomechanics to build effective prevention and rehabilitation programs for patients or clients.

    This third edition of Low Back Disorders contains all of the essential tools for those with low back maladies. Strong foundational information on anatomy and injury mechanisms guide readers through the essential functions of the structures of the low back and related tissues, and common misconceptions about pain and discomfort are addressed and corrected. The text provides detailed insights into injury assessment by an extensively expanded set of tests with accompanying instructions. These provide guidance and recommendations for individualized rehabilitation strategies and exercises. Also new to this edition is a web resource featuring 20 fillable Handouts for Patients or Clients that can be edited and printed to suit practitioner and patients’ needs. The web resource also contains an online video suite that showcases various exercises and assessments. In addition to offering strategies for relieving and potentially eliminating pain, the text provides insight into the conditions and environments that may initially cause back pain and makes recommendations on reducing these influences so that clients can be pain free.

    This book contains more than 500 photos, graphs, and charts on anatomy, biomechanics, and assessments; 50 tests and exercises with step-by-step instructions are available to aid readers in developing successful programs for patients and clients. In addition to the evidence-based foundation of this edition, the following enhancements have been made:

    • Completely updated information and streamlined chapter organization ensure that practitioners use best clinical practices.

    • Practical checklists throughout the text provide easy access to testing and assessment clinical techniques and information.

    • Practical Applications provide clinical information to aid readers in understanding concepts and theory.

    • To aid instructors, the text includes a newly added image bank to visually support class lectures.

    Low Back Disorders, Third Edition With Web Resource, contains essential research and corresponding clinical applications in a clear and organized format. Part I introduces the functional anatomy and biomechanics of the lumbar spine. It also presents epidemiological studies on low back disorders and dispels common myths of lumbar spine stability. Part II reviews risk factors for low back disorders and common prevention methods, with specific attention paid to reducing workplace risk factors. Part III explains evaluating and diagnosing clients and developing exercise and rehabilitation programs. Specific exercises that are proven to enhance performance and reduce pain are also explained.

    Evidence-based research and cutting-edge application strategies from a leading spine specialist in North America make Low Back Disorders, Third Edition With Web Resource, the authoritative text for the examination and rehabilitation of the low back. Its approach to back care will lead readers in developing intervention, rehabilitation, and prevention programs to address the unique needs of each patient or client.

    Table of Contents

    Part I Scientific Foundation

    Chapter 1. Introduction to the Issues and Scientific Approach Unique to This Book

    Legislative Landscape: The Unfortunate Adverse Impact on Painful Backs

    Deficiencies in Current Diagnostic Practices

    Inadequacies in Current Care and Prevention

    Mechanical Loading and the Process of Injury: A Low Back Tissue Injury Primer

    Excellent Clinicians and Excellent Practice

    Unique Scientific Foundation of This Book

    In Vitro Lab

    In Vivo Lab

    A Final Note

    Chapter 2. Epidemiological Studies and What They Really Mean

    Influence of Randomized Controlled Trials and Other Epidemiological Approaches

    Misunderstandings of Epidemiology

    Multidimensional Links Among Biomechanical, Psychosocial, and Personal Variables

    Are Biomechanical Variables and Psychosocial Variables Distinct?

    How Do Biomechanical Factors Affect LBD?

    Links Between Personal Factors and LBD

    Studies of Exercise Intervention

    Practical Application: What the Evidence Supports

    What Works Clinically

    A Final Note

    Chapter 3. Functional Anatomy of the Lumbar Spine

    Anatomy Trains

    Basic Neural Structure

    Vascular Anatomy

    Vertebrae

    Sacroiliac Joints

    Intervertebral Disc

    Muscles

    Ligaments

    Lumbodorsal Fascia (LDF)

    Quick Review of the Pelvis, Hips, and Related Musculature

    Clinically Relevant Aspects of Pain and Anatomic Structure

    A Final Note

    Chapter 4. Normal and Injury Mechanics of the Lumbar Spine

    Kinematic Properties of the Thoracolumbar Spine

    Kinetics and Normal Lumbar Spine Mechanics

    Dubious Lifting Mechanisms

    Other Important Mechanisms of Normal Spine Mechanics

    Injury Mechanisms

    Biomechanical and Physiological Changes Following Injury

    A Final Note

    Chapter 5. Myths and Realities of Lumbar Spine Stability

    Why Spine Stability Is Important for Everyone

    Stability: A Qualitative Analogy

    Quantitative Foundation of Stability

    Stability Myths, Facts, and Clinical Implications

    A Final Note

    Part II Injury Prevention

    Chapter 6. LBD Risk Assessment

    Brief Review of the Risk Factors for LBD

    NIOSH Approach to Risk Assessment

    Snook Psychophysical Approach

    Lumbar Motion Monitor (LMM)

    Ergowatch

    Biological Signal–Driven Model Approaches

    A Final Note

    Chapter 7. Reducing the Risk of Low Back Injury

    Lessons From the Literature

    LBD Prevention for Workers

    The Question of Back Belts

    LBD Prevention for Employers

    Injury Prevention Primer

    A Note for Consultants

    Reducing the Risk in Athletes

    A Final Note

    Part III Low Back Rehabilitation

    Chapter 8. Building Better Rehabilitation Programs for Low Back Injuries

    Pain-Reducing Mechanisms of Exercise

    Five-Stage Back Training Program

    Finding the Best Approach

    Stages of Patient Progression

    Guidelines for Developing the Best Exercise Regimen

    A Final Note

    Chapter 9. Evaluating the Patient

    Most Crucial Element in Evaluation

    First Clinician–Patient Meeting

    Assessing Posture and Movement Quality

    Some Provocation Tests

    Some Functional Screens

    Testing Muscle Endurance

    A Final Note

    Chapter 10. Developing the Exercise Program

    Philosophy of Low Back Exercise Design

    Clinical Wisdom

    Thoughts on Mobility

    Identifying Safe and Effective Exercises

    Beginner’s Program for Pain Control and Stabilization

    Exercises That May Be Used in a Stabilization Program

    Special Conditions

    A Final Note

    Chapter 11. Advanced Exercises

    Safely Increasing Challenges

    Occupational and Athletic Work Hardening

    A Final Note

    About the Author

    Stuart McGill, PhD, is a professor at the University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, and a world-renowned lecturer and expert in spine function, injury prevention, and rehabilitation. He has written more than 300 scientific publications on lumbar function, mechanisms of low back injury, investigation of rehabilitation programs matched to specific categories of back pain patients, and the formulation of work-related injury avoidance strategies. He has received several awards for his work, including the Volvo Bioengineering Award for Low Back Pain Research from Sweden.

    McGill has been an invited lecturer at many universities and delivered more than 300 addresses to societies around the world. As a consultant, he has provided expertise on assessment and reduction of the risk of low back injury to government agencies, corporations, professional athletes and teams, and legal firms. He is one of the few scientists who, in addition to performing research, is regularly requested by the medical profession to consult with challenging patients from around the world.

    Ancillaries

    Ancillaries are free to course adopters and available at www.HumanKinetics.com/LowBackDisorders.

    Image bank. Includes more than 500 photos, illustrations, and tables that are found throughout the book. These images are organized by chapter and can be used in classroom presentations, handouts, and activities.

    Web resource with online video. Includes 20 fillable Handouts for Patients and Clients that can be edited and printed to provide clients with valuable information. Many of the forms also appear throughout the book as demonstrations of their functionality and purpose. Additionally, 17 video clips demonstrate various exercises for rehabilitation and strength. Most videos include author of Stuart McGill’s explanations of techniques and benefits. Videos bring content to life and help readers understand key concepts so that they can apply these techniques with confidence.