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Risk Management in Outdoor and Adventure Programs PDF

Risk Management in Outdoor and Adventure Programs PDF

Scenarios of Accidents, Incidents, and Misadventures

$40.95 CAD


Product Format

    Based on real-life experiences, Risk Management in Outdoor and Adventure Programs: Scenarios of Accidents, Incidents, and Misadventures offers both students and professionals practice in applying risk management strategies to situations encountered in outdoor and adventure programs.

    Written by Aram Attarian, an experienced professor and professional in outdoor and adventure recreation, Risk Management in Outdoor and Adventure Programs presents a systematic model for determining why an incident happened and what could be done to prevent a repeat occurrence. More than 50 real-life scenarios represent various situations encountered in outdoor and adventure programming, such as peanut allergies, bridge jumping, stalking by mountain lions, and lightning strikes. These scenarios offer guidance in analyzing hazardous situations and applying appropriate strategies in safety and risk management. Each scenario is followed by questions that can guide discussion or promote research in concepts or policies that are important to outdoor and adventure programming.

    Accidents and mishaps are a reality in outdoor and adventure programs. Applying risk management strategies to the scenarios in Risk Management in Outdoor and Adventure Programs gives outdoor adventure leaders increased knowledge of the inherent risks of their profession as well as their legal responsibilities in programming, leadership, and management. This text can help leaders and their participants enjoy safe and successful adventures in the great outdoors.

    Chapter 1. Introduction to Risk Management

    Risk Management Models

    Incident Countermeasures

    Emergency Action Plans


    Chapter 2. Risk Management Legal Terms and Concepts


    Tort Law

    Due Diligence

    Duty to Warn


    Chapter 3. Program Staff and Participants

    Instructors and Guides

    Staff Training

    Program Participants


    Responding to Emergencies

    Open-Toed Shoes

    Returning Staff

    Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus

    Peanut Allergy

    Lost Student

    Poor Route Finding

    Staying on Schedule

    Solo Instructing

    Medical History Can Make a Difference

    Inappropriate Physical Contact

    Waterfall Presents a Danger

    Bridge Jumping

    Client Injured While Rafting

    Summit Attempt

    Outing Turns Tragic

    Injury on the Challenge Course

    Day Hike Turns Into Overnight

    Training Exercise Goes Wrong

    Demonstration Goes Wrong

    Lost Kayakers

    Instructors Charged With Murder

    Chapter 4. Environmental Conditions

    Minimizing Objective Dangers


    Scout Leaders Say They Got No Warning

    Lightning Strikes Climbers

    Lightning Strikes Campers

    Man Struck by Lightning on Solo Hike

    Excessive Heat Can Kill

    Avalanche Kills Skiers

    Mountain Lion Stalks Group

    Black Bear Problem

    Smile for the Camera

    Snake Bite

    Proceed With Caution When River Crossing

    Student Drowns in a Stream Crossing

    Drowning in a Forest Pool

    Student Drowns After Jumping Into Backcountry Swimming Hole

    Rescue Teams Save Church Group

    Open Canoes Over Open Water

    Chapter 5. Technology

    Technology and Adventure and Guided Programs

    Nontechnical and Technical Equipment

    Personal Protection Equipment

    Equipment Logistics



    Stranded Hiker Uses Personal Locator Beacon to Summon Help

    Hikers Evacuated After Three SPOT Activations in Three Days

    Anchor Fails, Student Sues

    Fall From Climbing Wall

    Instructor’s Inattention Blamed for Student’s Death

    Repair Kits Can Be Deadly

    Automated External Defibrillator in the Woods

    Stove Fueling Incident Causes Serious Burns

    Boiling Water Fills Boot

    Boiling Water Scalds

    Chapter 6. Transportation

    Fifteen-Passenger Vans

    Transportation Alternatives

    Controlling Transportation Risk



    Narrow Road Proves to Be a Challenge

    Road Conditions Create Problem for Van Driver

    Tripping Incident

    Icy Road Conditions

    Trailer Towing Presents Risks

    No Brakes

    Aram Attarian, PhD, is an associate professor in the department of parks, recreation, and tourism management at North Carolina State University in Raleigh. He is the owner of the risk management consultation firm and serves as the director of the National State Park Leadership School.

    Attarian has over 30 years of experience in adventure education and outdoor leadership working with a range of individuals and settings, including adjudicated youth, college and university programs, businesses, camps, and Outward Bound. His most significant experiences have been with North Carolina Outward Bound (NCOB), where he worked as an instructor, climber, and course director for over 25 years.

    Currently, Attarian serves on the NCOB board of directors and chairs its safety committee. He is also a member of the American Alpine Club Safety Advisory Council and is a regional contributor to Accidents in North American Mountaineering. In his free time, Attarian enjoys rock climbing, outdoor living, and working on his hobby farm in western North Carolina. He resides in Raleigh.