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Physical Activity and Obesity-2nd Edition

Physical Activity and Obesity-2nd Edition

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$133.95 CAD

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    Book

    Physical Activity and Obesity, Second Edition, addresses an array of topics that explore and divulge the links between physical activity (or inactivity) and obesity. Leading scientists from various backgrounds team up to provide an unrivaled resource examining the latest research and developments in the field. Each chapter provides researchers and practitioners with a clear explanation of the concepts, research techniques, and results of studies critical to understanding physical activity and the obesity epidemic.

    In the 10 years since the first edition of this book was published, the field of physical activity and obesity has mushroomed with new research, sparking the need for not only a new edition but an innovative and refreshing approach to the contents. Editors Bouchard and Katzmarzyk create a go-to resource with 89 succinct, authoritative chapters that may be used independently or as a complete text. Packed with the most up-to-date information linking obesity and physical activity, this comprehensive book

    • delves into areas of uncertainty and controversy instead of avoiding them or skirting the issues;

    • emphasizes, where appropriate, the underlying mechanisms between physical activity and obesity; and

    • points to research areas that need further exploration and attention.

    The nine parts of the book flow logically and address obesity in all populations, including children and adults of various backgrounds, ethnicities, and social classes. An overview of the methods used in assessing the levels of sedentary behavior and physical activity is given, followed by a global view of the problem of physical inactivity and obesity. Readers will learn about the key determinants of physical activity levels and obesity and the links between a sedentary lifestyle and the risk of obesity. Other topics examined include behavioral and environmental correlates and determinants of obesity, the relationship between low physical activity energy expenditure and obesity risk, clinical implications, and policy and research issues related to physical activity and obesity.

    Physical Activity and Obesity, Second Edition, helps readers better understand the role of physical activity in the overall energy balance equation. The unique format, expert contributors, and complete references make this resource indispensable for researchers, health and exercise practitioners, and students studying the ever-expanding topic of obesity as it relates to physical activity.

    Audience

    Reference for exercise physiologists, obesity specialists, sport nutritionists, sports medicine specialists, fitness specialists, and government agencies concerned with public health.

    Table of Contents

    Part I. Definition and Assessment of Physical Activity and Obesity

    Chapter 1. Introduction

    Claude Bouchard and Peter T. Katzmarzyk

    Chapter 2. The Physical Activity and Exercise Continuum

    Darren Warburton

    Chapter 3. Assessing the Level of Sedentarism

    Mark S. Tremblay

    Chapter 4. Assessing the Level of Physical Activity in Adults

    Barbara E. Ainsworth

    Chapter 5. Assessing the Level of Physical Activity in Children

    Russell E. Pate

    Chapter 6. Assessment of Obesity in Adults

    George A. Bray

    Chapter 7. Assessment of Obesity in Children

    John H. Himes

    Chapter 8. The Limitations of Self-Report in Physical Activity and Obesity Research

    Richard P. Troiano

    Part II. Prevalence and Cost Issues

    Chapter 9. The Prevalence of Adult Physical Inactivity Around the World

    Wendy J. Brown

    Chapter 10. The Prevalence of Childhood Physical Inactivity Around the World

    Chris Riddoch

    Chapter 11. The Prevalence of Adult Obesity Around the World

    W. Philip T. James

    Chapter 12. The Economic Cost of Obesity

    Peter T. Katzmarzyk

    Chapter 13. The Prevalence of Childhood Obesity Around the World

    Tim Lobstein

    Chapter 14. The Economic Cost of Physical Inactivity

    Ian Janssen

    Chapter 15. The Cost-Benefit Relationship of Physical Activity Interventions for Obesity

    Larissa Roux

    Part III. Determinants of Physical Activity Levels

    Chapter 16. Biological Regulation of Physical Activity Level

    Catherine M. Kotz

    Chapter 17. Genetics and Physical Activity Level

    Tuomo Rankinen

    Chapter 18. Epigenetic or Programming Effects on Physical Activity Level

    Mark Vickers

    Chapter 19. Socioeconomic Position and Physical Activity Levels

    Lise Gauvin

    Chapter 20. Ethnic Differences in Physical Activity Level

    Robert L. Newton, Jr.

    Chapter 21. Psychological Factors and Physical Activity Level

    Rod K. Dishman

    Chapter 22. Effects of the Built Environment on Physical Activity Level

    James F. Sallis

    Part IV. Physical Activity and Risk of Obesity

    Chapter 23. Sedentary Time and the Risk of Obesity in Adults

    Ross Andersen

    Chapter 24. Sedentary Time and the Risk of Obesity in Children

    Steven L. Gortmaker

    Chapter 25. Physical Activity Level and the Risk of Obesity in Adults

    John M. Jakicic

    Chapter 26. Physical Activity Level and the Risk of Obesity in Children

    Margarita S. Treuth

    Chapter 27. Childhood Physical Activity and Risk of Adult Obesity

    Robert M. Malina

    Chapter 28. Childhood Obesity and Risk of Adult Obesity

    Francois Trudeau

    Chapter 29. Physical Activity and Risk of Obesity in Older People

    Wendy M. Kohrt

    Chapter 30. Physical Fitness and Risk of Obesity

    Steven N. Blair

    Chapter 31. The Interaction of Diet and Physical Activity on Obesity

    Tom Baranowski

    Part V. Physical Activity and Biological Determinants of Obesity

    Chapter 32. Physical Activity Level and Resting Metabolic Rate

    Angelo Tremblay

    Chapter 33. Physical Activity Level and Thermic Effect Of Food

    Yves Schutz

    Chapter 34. Physical Activity Level and Substrate Oxidation Rates

    Steven R. Smith

    Chapter 35. Physical Activity Level and Sympathetic Nervous System Activity

    Ian Macdonald

    Chapter 36. Physical Activity Level and Adipose Tissue Biology

    Isabelle de Glisezinski

    Chapter 37. Physical Activity Level and Leptin Biology

    David J. Dyck

    Chapter 38. Physical Activity Level and Hypothalamic Peptides

    Christopher D. Morrison

    Chapter 39. Physical Activity Level and Gut Peptides

    Stephen C. Woods

    Chapter 40. Physical Activity Level and Thyroid Hormones

    Anthony C. Hackney

    Chapter 41. Physical Activity Level and the HPA Axis

    Denis Richard

    Chapter 42. Physical Activity Level and Skeletal Muscle Biology

    David A. Hood

    Chapter 43. Postexercise Energy Expenditure

    Elizabet Borsheim

    Chapter 44. Genetics of Obesity

    Ruth J.F. Loos

    Chapter 45. Epigenetic Effects on Obesity

    Peter Nathanielsz

    Part VI. Physical Activity, Behavioral and Environmental Determinants of Obesity

    Chapter 46. Physical Activity Level and Sleep

    Shawn D. Youngstedt

    Chapter 47. Physical Activity Level and Occupational Work

    David R. Bassett, Jr.

    Chapter 48. Physical Activity Level and Mode of Transportation

    Catrine Tudor-Locke

    Chapter 49. Effects of the Built Environment on Obesity

    Neville Owen

    Chapter 50. Socioeconomic Status and Obesity

    Youfa Wang

    Chapter 51. Physical Activity Level and Dietary Intake

    Conrad Earnest

    Part VII. Physical Activity in the Prevention and Treatment of Obesity

    Chapter 52. Physical Activity in the Prevention of Weight Gain

    Mikael Fogelholm

    Chapter 53. Physical Activity for Weight Loss

    Robert Ross

    Chapter 54. Physical Activity Versus Diet-Induced Weight Loss

    Joseph Donnelly

    Chapter 55. Role of Physical Activity in Pharmacological Weight Loss

    Frank Greenway

    Chapter 56. Role of Physical Activity in Surgical Weight Loss

    Paul O’Brien

    Chapter 57. Physical Activity and Depot-Specific Fat Loss

    Victor Katch

    Chapter 58. Physical Activity, Visceral Fat, and Ectopic Fat Deposition

    Bret Goodpaster

    Chapter 59. Physical Activity, Weight Loss, and Maintenance of Lean Mass

    Steven Heymsfield

    Chapter 60. Physical Activity for Weight Loss Maintenance

    Rena Wing

    Chapter 61. Physical Activity and Weight Control During Pregnancy

    Michelle Mottola

    Chapter 62. Physical Activity and Postpartum Weight Loss

    Cheryl Lovelady

    Chapter 63. Physical Activity and Birth Weight

    Johan G. Eriksson

    Chapter 64. Physical Activity and Body Composition in Children

    Bob Gutin

    Part VIII. Clinical Implications

    Chapter 65. Physical Activity and Mortality Rates in Obesity

    Kevin R. Fontaine

    Chapter 66. Physical Activity and Impaired Glucose Tolerance in Obesity

    Markku Laakso

    Chapter 67. Physical Activity and Type 2 Diabetes in Obesity

    Edward S. Horton

    Chapter 68. Physical Activity and Hypertension in Obesity

    James M. Hagberg

    Chapter 69. Physical Activity and Heart Disease in Obesity

    Timothy Church

    Chapter 70. Physical Activity and Stroke in Obesity

    Janice Eng

    Chapter 71. Physical Activity and Endothelial Dysfunction in Obesity

    Christopher A. DeSouza

    Chapter 72. Physical Activity and Inflammation in Obesity

    Mark Hamer

    Chapter 73. Physical Activity and Depression in Obesity

    Adrian H. Taylor

    Chapter 74. Physical Activity and Breast Cancer in Obesity

    Kerry S. Courneya

    Chapter 75. Physical Activity and Colon Cancer in Obesity

    I-Min Lee

    Chapter 76. Physical Activity and Other Cancers in Obesity

    Roy Shephard

    Chapter 77. Physical Activity, Obesity, and Metabolic Syndrome

    Mercedes R. Carnethon

    Chapter 78. Physical Activity and Musculoskeletal Disorders in Obesity

    Jennifer M. Hootman

    Chapter 79. Physical Activity and Risk of Falls in Obese Elderly

    Teresa Liu Ambrose

    Chapter 80. Adverse Events of Physical Activity in Obese Persons

    Kenneth E. Powell

    Chapter 81. Physical Activity and CVD Risk Profile in Obese Children

    Lars Bo Andersen

    Chapter 82. Physical Activity and Risk of Diabetes in Obese Children

    Louise Baur

    Part IX. Policy and Research Issues

    Chapter 83. Global Policy Initiatives Related to Physical Activity and Obesity

    Timothy Armstrong

    Chapter 84. The Role of Government in the Promotion of Physical Activity

    Art Salmon

    Chapter 85. Community-Based Physical Activity Programs to Address Obesity

    W. Kerry Mummery

    Chapter 86. School-Based Physical Activity Programs to Address Obesity

    Chantal Simon

    Chapter 87. The Role of Industry in the Promotion of Physical Activity

    John C. Peters

    Chapter 88. Mass Media Approaches to Addressing Physical Inactivity and Obesity

    Adrian Bauman

    Chapter 89. Physical Activity and Obesity Research: Looking to the Future

    Peter T. Katzmarzyk and Claude Bouchard

    About the Author

    Claude Bouchard, PhD,is executive director of the PenningtonBiomedicalResearchCenter in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. For more than 40 years he has researched the role of physical activity on physiology, metabolism, and health indicators, taking into account genetic uniqueness. He also has authored or coauthored more than 1,000 scientific publications, and he served as president of the International Society for the Study of Obesity from 2002 to 2006. He also has served as president of the Canadian Society for Applied Physiology and has directed the Physical Activity Sciences Laboratory at Laval University, Quebec City, Canada, for over 20 years.

    Dr. Bouchard has received numerous awards over the years, including the TOPS award from the North American Association for the Study of Obesity in 1998 and the Albert Creff Award in Nutrition of the National Academy of Medicine of France in 1997.

    Peter T. Katzmarzyk, PhD,is a professor and the associate executive director for Population Science at the PenningtonBiomedicalResearchCenter in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. He holds the Louisiana Public Facilities Authority endowed chair in nutrition. His main research interest is the epidemiology and public health impact of obesity and physical inactivity, and determining the relationships between physical activity, physical fitness, obesity, and related disorders such as metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes.

    Dr. Katzmarzyk has published his research findings in more than 190 scholarly journals and books, and he regularly participates in the scientific meetings of several national and international organizations. He is currently an editorial board member for the International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, Journal of Physical Activity and Health, and Metabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders