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Physical Activity and Health Guidelines PDF

Physical Activity and Health Guidelines PDF

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    Sifting through the numerous guidelines on physical activity and health published by government agencies, professional organizations, and associations can be a daunting task. Information exists in all types of formats and locations—including government documents, press releases, and Web sites—so simply finding those guidelines can be an ordeal. PhysicalActivity and Health Guidelines puts the current information in one place—at your fingertips.

    Physical Activity and Health Guidelines compiles the latest recommendations from various leading sources and organizations into a single text. This one-of-kind resource provides quick reference to physical activity and health recommendations for healthy people and for those with chronic conditions across all age groups. All readers—physicians, physical therapists, fitness professionals, and general fitness enthusiasts—will be able to locate individualized recommendations regarding appropriate levels and types of physical activity.

    Specific activity recommendations for people with diabetes, asthma, osteoarthritis, and cerebral palsy are detailed in this text. Other guidelines for the prevention of common chronic diseases such as cancer, coronary artery disease, osteoporosis, and metabolic syndrome are also shared.

    This text also includes the following information:

    • The components of exercise program design, which will assist readers in preparing to implement individual and group exercise programs

    • How physical activity recommendations can help people meet weight-management guidelines

    • Information on purchasing and using exercise equipment such as treadmills, heart rate monitors, weight training machines, and exercise videos

    • Guidelines for cardiac testing and other exercise testing to assist in the implementation and evaluation of physical activity programs as well as the assessment of the safety of these programs for people with chronic conditions

    For ease of use, Physical Activity and Health Guidelines presents information in a consistent format for each entry, including the date issued or most recently updated, the issuing organization, appropriate population, and location of the guidelines (with Web sites when available). Recommendations are given for aerobic, resistance, and flexibility training; further specifications regarding the frequency, intensity, duration, and type of activity are included. An appendix lists additional resources divided by topic and includes Web addresses of key organizations, statements, and other physical activity and health-related tools.

    Physical Activity and Health Guidelines is the first text to gather the wealth of information regarding physical activity, exercise, and health needs and recommendations into a single source. Convenient and easy to use, this unique text will help readers understand the requirements for safe and effective physical activity for all people regardless of health conditions, and it offers the basic knowledge and tools for designing and implementing appropriate physical activity programs.

    Table of Contents

    Part I: General Health and Fitness Guidelines

    Chapter 1: Exploring the Relationship Between Physical Activity and Health

    History and Development of Physical Activity Guidelines

    Basic Concepts and Definitions

    Changes and Benefits Resulting From Physical Activity

    Risks of Physical Activity

    Patterns in Physical Activity Participation

    Summary

    Chapter 2: Exercise Guidelines for Physical Fitness and Health

    Most Recent National Guidelines in the United States

    Significant Historical Guidelines

    Specialized Guidelines

    State and International Guidelines

    Summary

    Chapter 3: Guidelines for Personal Exercise Programs

    Basic Definitions and the FITT Principle

    Components of Physical Fitness

    Guidelines for Individualized Exercise Prescription

    Summary

    Part II: Physical Activity Guidelines by Population

    Chapter 4: Infants and Toddlers

    Guidelines From the American Academy of Pediatrics

    Guidelines From Other Organizations

    Guidelines for Prevention of Obesity and Chronic Disease

    Physical Activity as Play and Nutritional Goals for Children

    Summary

    Chapter 5: School-Aged Children

    Basic Facts About Physical Activity and Health in Children

    Establishment of the Earliest Guidelines for Children

    Landmark Guidelines

    School and Community Health Guidelines

    Guidelines Outside of the School Environment

    International and State Guidelines

    Guidelines Focused on Specific Health Goals

    Summary

    Chapter 6: Pregnant and Postpartum Women

    Encouraging Pregnant Women to Be Physically Active

    Benefits and Risks of Physical Activity for Pregnant Women

    Primary Concerns of Exercise and Physical Activity During Pregnancy

    Guidelines for General Exercise Prescription

    Important National and International Guidelines

    Benefits and Risks of Physical Activity During the Postpartum Period

    Summary

    Chapter 7: Older Adults

    Benefits of Physical Activity for Older Adults

    Major National Guidelines

    Other National Guidelines

    International and State Guidelines

    Guidelines for Adults Who Are Frail or at Risk for Falling

    Contraindications to Exercise

    Summary

    Part III: Physical Activity Guidelines by Disease States

    Chapter 8: Cancer Prevention and Optimal Cardiometabolic Health

    How Exercise Reduces the Risks of Cancer

    General Cancer Prevention Guidelines

    Guidelines for Specific Types of Cancer

    Metabolic Syndrome

    Type 2 Diabetes

    Summary

    Chapter 9: Cancer

    Benefits of Physical Activity

    American Cancer Society Guidelines

    Other Notable Guidelines

    Guidelines for Specific Cancers

    Side Effects of Cancer Affecting Physical Activity

    Summary

    Chapter 10: Hypertension and Cardiovascular Disease

    Benefits of Exercise for Hypertension

    American College of Sports Medicine Guidelines

    International Guidelines

    Guidelines for Coronary Artery Disease

    Summary

    Chapter 11: Arthritis and Osteoporosis

    Rheumatoid Arthritis

    Osteoarthritis

    General Arthritis Guidelines

    Osteoarthritis Guidelines

    Osteoporosis

    Guidelines for Prevention of Osteoporosis

    Guidelines for Individuals With Osteoporosis

    Summary

    Chapter 12: Diabetes

    Benefits of Physical Activity for Preventing and Managing Diabetes

    Potential Concerns Regarding Physical Activity

    Guidelines for Individuals With Type 2 Diabetes

    Guidelines for Individuals With Type 1 Diabetes

    Summary

    Chapter 13: Neuromuscular Disorders

    Benefits of Physical Activity

    General Recommendations From Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans

    Guidelines for Cerebral Palsy

    Guidelines for Parkinson’s Disease

    Guidelines for Muscular Dystrophy

    Guidelines for Multiple Sclerosis

    Guidelines for Spinal Cord Injury and Disability

    Guidelines for Stroke and Brain Injury

    Summary

    Chapter 14: Asthma

    Exercise-Induced Asthma

    General Guidelines for People With Asthma

    Guidelines for Children With Asthma

    Summary

    Part IV: Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription and Beyond

    Chapter 15: Exercise Testing and Prescription

    Standards for Exercise Testing in Adults

    Benefits of Exercise Testing for Children

    Summary

    Chapter 16: Cardiac Exercise Testing and Prescription

    Candidates for Testing Utility of Information Acquired From Exercise Testing

    Protocols for Exercise Testing

    Exercise Testing Procedures

    Other Methods of Cardiac Testing

    Summary

    Chapter 17: Dietary and Weight Management Guidelines

    Basic Facts About Body Weight

    Dietary Guidelines From National Organizations

    International Dietary Guidelines

    Hydration, Energy, and Supplementation During Activity

    Dietary Guidelines for Special Populations

    Dietary Guidelines for Various Diseases

    Summary

    Chapter 18: Exercise Equipment and Facilities

    Aerobic Exercise Machines

    Weights

    Tools for Monitoring Physical Activity

    Exercising at Home

    Exercising in a Workout Facility

    Summary

     

    About the Author

    Riva L. Rahl, MD, is medical director of the Cooper Wellness Program at the Cooper Aerobics Center in Dallas, Texas, where she counsels patients and clients regarding appropriate physical activity programs.

    Board certified in both internal and emergency medicine, Rahl is a staff physician at the Cooper Clinic in Dallas and was previously chief resident in emergency medicine at the University of Texas Southwestern (Parkland) Hospital. She is a member of the American College of Sports Medicine, the American College of Physicians, and USA Track and Field. She received her medical doctorate from the University of California at San Francisco in 1999.

    Now a competitive marathoner, Rahl was a four-year varsity athlete in cross country and track and field at Rice University (Division I), where she studied biochemistry and exercise science. She has won several races, including the Dallas White Rock Marathon in 2000 and the Fort Worth Cowtown Marathon in 2000, 2002, and 2008.

    Rahl and her husband, Brian, and two young sons reside in Dallas. Rahl enjoys training for race day, caring for her children, and traveling internationally.