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Inclusion in Physical Education

Inclusion in Physical Education

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    Inclusion in Physical Education is a practical, easy-to-use guide filled with inclusion strategies that focus on developing the physical and social skills and fitness of students with disabilities. And these strategies do not involve extended planning or setup time or extra equipment.

    Written by Pattie Rouse, a teacher who has been working with students with disabilities since 1982, this book takes the guesswork out of including students with disabilities in general physical education. Inclusion in Physical Education is divided into chapters according to specific disabilities, thus helping you immediately find the information you need as well as the basic characteristics and expected behaviors of children with each type of disability. Rouse offers chapters on inclusion for students with these conditions:
    -Autism disorder

    -Limited use of limbs, requiring wheelchair use

    -Intellectual disabilities

    -Cerebral palsy and other orthopedic impairments

    -Visual and hearing impairments
    Also included are chapters on the importance of inclusion (and the importance of paraeducators and peer facilitators in the process of inclusion), on differentiating instruction to include students with disabilities in general physical education, and on using adapted games to teach students empathy for their peers with disabilities. These games provide opportunities for all students to be equal and to be more understanding of and receptive toward others' differences.

    Written from Rouse's own experience and based on feedback from students with disabilities, this book is a guide that you can immediately put to use in including students with disabilities or delayed motor skills and can continue to use throughout your career as an educator. The book helps you set realistic goals for students with disabilities and correlates with many objectives found in the national physical education standards.

    With Inclusion in Physical Education, you can include students with any disability in your curriculum. The book's ready-to-use resources will help you confidently create a program that benefits all students.


    Reference and games book for physical education teachers and adapted physical education teachers. Also a reference for classroom teachers, PE or APE administrators, paraprofessionals, recreation therapists, camp counselors, church youth counselors, and parents.

    Table of Contents


    Chapter 1. What Is Inclusion?Defining Inclusion
    Embracing Inclusion
    Support for Inclusion
    ConclusionChapter 2. Including Students With Autism Spectrum DisorderUnderstanding Autism Spectrum Disorder
    Strategies for Inclusion
    Including Students With Severe Autism
    Structured Physical Education Opportunities
    ConclusionChapter 3. Including Students Who Use Wheelchairs
    Modifications for Students With Upper Body Control
    Parallel Activities for Students With Upper Body Control
    Modifications for Students With Limited or No Upper Body Control
    Parallel Activities for Students With Limited or No Upper Body Control
    Modified Games for Students With Limited or No Upper Body ControlRolling Targets
    Flag Tag
    Cone Combinations
    Racing for Points
    Racing Ribbons
    Speed Soccer GoalieConclusionChapter 4. Including Students With Intellectual DisabilitiesBenefits of Inclusion for Students With Intellectual Disabilities
    Using Simple Games
    Games and Activities for All Abilities
    Head Start
    Follow the Fun
    Scooter Bowling
    Partner Line Kickball
    Five-Hit Baseball
    Everybody ScoreDrills for Motor Development
    T-Ball Pinball
    Hockey Pinball
    Frisbee Targets
    Striking Skills
    Throwing Skills
    Catching Skills
    Kicking SkillsDrills for MID or MOID Students in Middle and High SchoolSoccer Drills
    Five Kick
    Basketball Drills
    Football DrillsConclusionChapter 5. Including Students With Cerebral PalsyModifications for Students With Cerebral Palsy
    Activity Tips
    Parallel Activities
    ConclusionChapter 6. Including Students With Visual and Hearing ImpairmentsIncluding Students With Visual Impairments
    Including Students With Hearing Impairments
    Modifications for Students With Hearing Impairments
    ConclusionChapter 7. Differentiation in Inclusive Physical EducationPlanning for Differentiation
    Activities for the Differentiated Classroom
    Object Control Stations (Elementary)
    Fitness Stations (Elementary and Middle School)
    Hockey Skill Stations (Elementary and Middle School)
    Sideline Hockey (Elementary and Middle School)
    Box Hockey (Elementary and Middle School)
    Layups (Middle and High School)
    Gotcha (Middle and High School)
    3 on 2, 2 on 1 (Middle and High School) ConclusionChapter 8. Walk in Their Shoes: Games for UnderstandingActivities
    Cyclops Tag
    Sore Spot Tag
    Line Ball
    Chronological Line-Up
    Hi, Low, Yo
    Centers for Understanding
    Mobility Obstacle Course
    Wheelchair and Scooter Noodle Volley
    Circle Up
    Stations for UnderstandingConclusionBibliography
    About the Author

    About the Author

    Pattie Rouse, EdS, is an adapted physical educator in Cherokee County Schools in Georgia, where she co-created the first adapted physical education program in the school system. She has been working with people with disabilities since 1982. In addition to her physical education teaching, she has been educating teachers and paraeducators on inclusion for many years through informal consultations as well as through staff development and professional workshops.

    A co-coordinator of Special Olympics in Cherokee County, she has coached Special Olympics basketball. Throughout her career she has included students with disabilities in her programs. She is the author of Adapted Games and Activities, geared toward students with intellectual disabilities. In her leisure time, Ms. Rouse enjoys mountain and road biking, hiking with her dogs, and reading. Her newest means of reaching out to the community is through an adapted recreational and fitness program for elderly people in a nursing home.