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EuropeActive's Foundations for Exercise Professionals

EuropeActive's Foundations for Exercise Professionals

$62.95 CAD


Product Format

    EuropeActive’s Foundations for Exercise Professionals provides core knowledge and industry standards to help exercise professionals serve their clients. Endorsed by EuropeActive, the continent’s leading standard-setting organisation in fitness and health, this text is an authoritative guide for current and future exercise professionals and training providers in Europe.

    The book uses scientific foundations to cover concepts and hands-on skills that promote best practices in exercise instruction and training. The content applies to all levels of the European Qualifications Framework (EQF) and associated job titles—the only resource to do so—and matches the core information for EQF levels 3 and 4. Thus, this instructional guide ensures smooth movement and work transfers among employers, educational institutions and countries in Europe.

    Written by renowned experts in exercise and sport sciences and framed in the European Register of Exercise Professionals’ Code of Ethical Practice for exercise professionals, the text offers several practical features for readers:

    • Easy-to-apply instruction accompanied by 88 full-colour photos and 68 illustrations offer an ideal visual learning experience.
    • Complete descriptions and images detail proper form for common free-weight and machine-resistance training exercises.
    • Explanations and recommendations are included for the most popular cardiorespiratory exercise equipment.
    • Official nutrition recommendations prepare professionals to address clients’ concerns.
    • The complete Code of Ethical Practice serves as a guide for all exercise professionals in Europe.

    EuropeActive’s Foundations for Exercise Professionals begins by covering the bones, joints, muscles and cardiovascular system to ensure a proper understanding of the body’s movement and physiology. Readers then learn the components of exercise theory and prescription, including energy systems; body composition; resistance, aerobic and flexibility training; warm-up and cool-down; and the principle of progression. The book helps professionals become role models in the industry with information on managing lifestyle through physical activity, health, nutrition, hydration and safety. After gaining foundational knowledge, readers will look closer at the role of the exercise professional, starting with building rapport, motivating, screening and assessing clients. The final chapters discuss the basic aspects of training: exercise technique using weight machines, free weights and cardiorespiratory equipment.

    Both aspiring and qualified exercise professionals should keep abreast of foundational information about all areas of the health and fitness sector in order to properly serve the industry and their clients. EuropeActive’s Foundations for Exercise Professionals is an ideal reference for promoting physical activity, making lifestyles healthier and guiding clients toward their fitness goals.


    A resource for individuals working toward the reference levels of the European Qualifications Framework and exercise professionals striving to comply with the latest industry standards and best practices.

    Chapter 1. Bones and Joints

    Marco Branco and Rita Santos-Rocha

    Major Bones and Joints

    Types of Bones and Joints

    Structure and Function of the Skeleton

    Structure and Function of the Spine

    Movements at the Three Main Spinal Curves

    Stability and Movement Within Each Type of Joint


    Chapter 2. Muscles

    Anders Nedergaard

    Skeletal Muscle Biology

    Smooth Muscle

    Cardiac Muscle


    Chapter 3. Muscle Action

    Daniel Robbins and Edzard Zeinstra

    Types of Muscle Actions

    Neuromuscular Physiology

    Muscles and Movement

    Muscles and Force Generation


    Chapter 4. Heart, Lungs and Circulation

    Andrea Ermolao and Marco Bergamin

    Mechanics of Breathing

    Heart and Cardiovascular System

    Blood Pressure and the Effects of Exercise

    Short and Long Term Effects of Exercise on the Heart, Lungs and Circulatory System


    Chapter 5. Energy Systems

    Rodrigo Fernandez-Gonzalo, José Antonio de Paz, and Fernando Naclerio

    Three Energy Systems That Produce ATP

    Oxygen Uptake, VO2max and Excess of Oxygen Uptake

    Effects of Intensity and Duration on Energy System and Fuel Interaction During Physical Activity


    Chapter 6. Components and Principles of Fitness

    Eliseo Iglesias-Soler and Mark Chapman

    Physical Fitness and Health-Related Fitness

    Relationship Among Physical Activity and Exercise, Health Related Fitness and Health


    Chapter 7. Resistance Training

    Fernando Naclerio and Jeremy Moody

    Muscle Action and Type of Contraction

    Muscular Strength and Repetition Maximum Continuum

    Overload Principle Applied to Muscular Strength

    Common Resistance Training Methods and Systems

    Muscle-Group Split Routines


    Chapter 8. Aerobic Training

    Jonathan Esteve-Lanao, Roberto Cejuela Anta, and Claudia Cardona González Physiological and Health-Related Changes From Aerobic Training

    Benefits of Aerobic Training

    Continuous and Interval Aerobic Training

    Types of Activities in Endurance Training

    Overload Principle Applied to Aerobic Training

    Application of All Training Principles to Aerobic Training

    Methods of Intensity Monitoring

    Exercise Session Structure

    Cardiorespiratory Training Systems

    Periodisation and Training Load Quantification


    Chapter 9. Flexibility Training

    Jagdeep Singh Matharoo

    Range-of-Motion Continuum

    Physiological and Health-Related Changes From Stretching

    Types of Flexibility Exercises

    Methods for Training Flexibility

    Stretch Reflex, Desensitisation and Lengthening of Muscle Tissue (Muscle Creep)

    FITTA Principle Applied to Stretching

    Factors Affecting Potential Range of Motion


    Chapter 10. Body Composition

    Elvis A. Carnero and Manuel A. Giráldez García

    Hierarchical Organisation for the Study of Body Composition

    Body-Composition Measurement

    BIA and Anthropometry

    Factors Affecting Body Composition


    Chapter 11. Warm-Up and Cool-Down

    Bettina Karsten and Xurxo Dopico

    Definition of Warm-Up and Cool-Down

    Types of Warm-Ups

    Physiological Effects

    Duration and Intensity Recommendations


    Chapter 12. Progression

    Ian Jeffreys

    Homeostasis in the Body

    General Adaptation Syndrome


    Chapter 13. Promoting Physical Activity and Health

    Steven Mann and Alfonso Jimenez



    Impaired Fasting Glucose


    Barriers and Motivators for Physical Activity and Exercise


    Chapter 14. Basic Nutrition and Hydration Guidelines

    Robert Cooper and Judith Allgrove


    Energy Expenditure

    Body Composition

    Dehydration and Physical Activity

    Hydration Strategies

    Official Nutrition Recommendations


    Chapter 15. Safe and Effective Exercise

    Rita Santos-Rocha and Nuno Pimenta

    Exercise as Mechanical and Metabolic Stimuli

    Risks Associated With Exercise

    Preliminary Health Screening and Risk Assessment


    Chapter 16. Body Awareness and Exercise Technique

    Vera Simões and Rita Santos Rocha

    Being a Role Model in Exercise Performance and Technique

    Correcting Posture and Body Alignment, Range of Motion, Control, Timing and Form


    Chapter 17. Building Rapport and Customer Care

    Thomas Rieger

    Understanding Intimacy as a Key Requirement

    Dimensions of Rapport

    Methods of Building Rapport


    Chapter 18. Motivating the Exerciser

    Jeremy Moody and Jack Davies

    Motives to Exercise

    Behavioural Strategies to Enhance Exercise and Health Behaviour Change

    Transtheoretical Model


    Chapter 19. Screening and Assessing

    Jeremy Moody and Ryan Stevens

    Evaluation of Fitness Components

    Screening and Assessing for Medical History

    Psychological Aspects of Fitness


    Chapter 20. Resistance Exercise Using Machines

    Roger Earle

    Terms and Definitions


    Practical Guidelines for Teaching Resistance Training Exercises Using Machines

    Technique Guidelines

    Additional Machine Exercises


    Chapter 21. Resistance Exercise Using Free Weights

    Roger Earle

    Terms and Definitions


    Safe and Effective Spotting Techniques

    Practical Guidelines for Teaching Resistance Training Exercises Using Free Weights

    Technique Guidelines

    Additional Free-Weight Exercises


    Chapter 22. Cardiorespiratory Exercise

    Henk Jan Thoes and Riccardo Marini




    Upright Bike

    Recumbent Bike


    Linear-Stride Cross-Trainer

    Variable-Stride Cross-Trainer

    Lateral-Movement Cross-Trainer

    Upper-Body Ergometer


    About EuropeActive

    The European Register of Exercise Professionals (EREPS) uses the EuropeActive standards to ensure that exercise professionals are qualified to offer safe and effective fitness programmes to their clients all across Europe. EREPS provides consumers, employers and partners in medical professions with confidence so that registered trainers are competent and work to support its Code of Ethical Practice, which defines the rights and principles of exercise professionals. Referencing the EuropeActive standards to each trainer and being registered mean that they have met the minimum standards of good practice and that they are committed to raising the standards of their skills and professional status through a process of lifelong learning.

    EREPS is regulated by the EuropeActive Standards Council using the official European Qualifications Framework, which describes the knowledge, skills and competencies exercise professionals need to achieve for registration.

    About the Editors

    Thomas Rieger is the chairman of the standards council of EuropeActive. He holds a doctoral degree in social sciences with a specialization in sport science (German PhD equivalent) from the University of Tübingen and a master’s degree in public health. In 2007, he was appointed as a professor of sport management at the Business and Information Technology School (BiTS) in Iserlohn, Germany. At BiTS, he is the vice dean of the bachelor’s programme of sport and event management and the MSc programme of international sport and event management. Previously, Dr. Rieger served as the visiting professor at the Real Madrid Graduate School and the European University Cyprus in Nicosia. Before entering academia in 2006, he gained more than six years of experience in the fitness industry, especially in the fields of fitness marketing and quality management.

    Fernando Naclerio is the principal lecturer in strength training and sport nutrition and the MSc programme leader of strength and conditioning at the Centre for Sports Science and Human Performance at the University of Greenwich, UK. He is a strength and conditioning coach (CSCS-NSCA) and a certified international society sport nutritionist (CISSN). Dr. Naclerio has more than 30 years of experience as a coach, consultant and academic in many countries in Europe and South America. He has published five books, multiple book chapters and more than 100 scientific papers on training and sport nutrition. Dr. Naclerio’s research is currently focused on the effects of resistance training and nutrition strategies on performance, injury prevention and muscle structure as well as morphology in children, adolescents and older adults.

    Alfonso Jiménez, PhD, CSCS, NSCA-CPT, FLF, is a professor of exercise and health and the faculty dean of the health, exercise and sport sciences department at European University of Madrid (Spain) and a member of the scientific advisory board of UKActive Research Institute. Dr. Jiménez holds a visiting professorial appointment at Victoria University in Melbourne, Australia, as the international research associate. He is the chair of the Fitness Australia/ISEAL research programme and scientific advisory committee at the University of Greenwich in London. During the time that he was head of school and deputy dean at Victoria University, Dr. Jiménezz served as a professor and head of the Centre for Sports Sciences and Human Performance at the University of Greenwich. From 2009 to 2012, Professor Jiménez was the chairman of the standards council of EuropeActive, which at the time was called the European Health & Fitness Association. He was awarded honorary membership in recognition of his outstanding service. Dr. Jiménez’s background before entering academia centred on the fitness industry in management, research and sales.

    Jeremy Moody is the MSc programme director for strength and conditioning at Cardiff Metropolitan University in Wales, UK, and a frequent national and international speaker in the fields of strength and conditioning and elite sport performance management. Dr. Moody’s experience extends across many able-bodied and disabled sports, and he has worked with many successful athletes at the Commonwealth, European, World, Olympic and Paralympic levels of competition as well as with many youth and developing athletes. Previously, he was the performance director for Great Britain Wheelchair Rugby and the Welsh Judo Association, a senior performance manager for UK Athletics and a regional lead strength and conditioning coach for the English Institute of Sport.