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Ergonomics in Sport and Physical Activity

Ergonomics in Sport and Physical Activity

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$107.95 CAD

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    Book

    Ergonomics in Sport and Physical Activity: Enhancing Performance and Improving Safety is the first text to provide an in-depth discussion of how the principles of ergonomics can be applied in the context of sport and other physical activities to reduce injury and improve performance. The textblends concepts from biomechanics, physiology, and psychology as it shows how ergonomics is applied to physical activity.

    This comprehensive text outlines methods for assessing risk in and procedures for dealing with stress, eliminating hazards, and evaluating challenges posed in specific work or sport environments. It discusses issues such as the design of effective equipment, clothing, and playing surfaces; methods of assessing risk in situations; and staying within appropriate training levels to reduce fatigue and avoid overtraining. The text not only examines sport ergonomics but also discusses ergonomic considerations for physically active special populations.

    Ergonomics in Sport and Physical Activity explains what ergonomics is, how ergonomists solve practical problems in the workplace, and how principles of ergonomics are applied in the context of sport and other physical activities when solving practical problems related to human characteristics and capabilities. The text shows readers how to improve performance, achieve optimal efficiency, enhance comfort, and reduce injuries by exploring topics such as these:

    Essential concepts, terms, and principles of ergonomics and how these relate to physical activity Physical properties of the body and the factors limiting performance Interactions between the individual, the task, and the environment Injury risk factors in relation to body mechanics in various physical activities Injury prevention and individual protection in the review of sports equipment and sports environments Comfort, efficiency, safety, and details of systems criteria in equipment design.

    This research-based text uses numerous practical examples, figures, charts, and graphs to bring the material to life. In addition, descriptions of technological advances show where we have been and how technology has advanced the field. Through the book’s discussion of the various stressors and adaptive mechanisms, readers will learn how to cope with various environmental conditions. They will also learn how various training modes can be used to alter sport-specific capabilities and enhance performance.

    Presenting a wide range of approaches, theoretical models, and analytical techniques, Ergonomics in Sport and Physical Activity: Enhancing Performance and Improving Safety illustrates the potential for ergonomics to be extended across recreation, competitive sport, and physically active work environments. Bridging the gap between ergonomics and exercise science, this unique text will assist both health care and exercise professionals in developing an improved awareness of how human capabilities are best matched to physical activities.

    Audience

    A reference for biomechanists, exercise physiologists, ergonomists, physical and occupational therapists, athletic trainers, sports physicians, personal trainers, and fitness specialists. Also a text for physical therapy students.

    Table of Contents

    Preface

    Introduction

    Part I. Risk Factors

    Chapter 1. Physical Properties of Human Structures

    Monitoring Activity Demands

    Assessing Individual Characteristics

    Assessing Physiological Capabilities

    Assessing Mental Load

    Overview and Summary

    Chapter 2. Health and Safety

    Injuries

    Predisposition to Injury

    Overtraining and Overreaching

    Immunosuppression

    Risk Assessment

    Risk Taking and Fun

    Spectator Safety

    Human Ethics and Risk

    Overview and Summary

    Chapter 3. Environmental Stress

    Thermoregulation

    Altitude

    Air Quality

    Noise

    Overview and Summary

    Chapter 4. Circadian Rhythms

    Training and Time of Day

    Sleep–Wake Cycle

    Travel Fatigue and Jet Lag

    Sleep Deprivation or Disruption

    Nocturnal Shift Work

    Overview and Summary

    Part II. Sport Ergonomics

    Chapter 5. Ergonomics Models and Training Modes in Sport and Leisure

    Fitting the Task to the Person

    Generic Models

    The Training Component

    Technological Training Aids

    Overview and Summary

    Chapter 6. Competitive and Training Stress in Sport

    Physiological Loading

    Spinal Loading

    Physical Loading

    Psychological Loading

    Overview and Summary

    Chapter 7. Sports Equipment and Playing Surfaces

    Sports Implements

    Sport Surfaces

    Sports Clothing

    Sport Shoes

    Protective Functions of Sports Equipment

    Personal Protective Equipment

    Overview and Summary

    Part III. Ergonomics in Physical Activities

    Chapter 8. Fitness for Work

    Military Personnel

    Prison Officers

    Police Officers

    Firefighters

    Bus Workers and Postal Workers

    Drivers

    Ambulance Workers

    Forestry Workers

    Beach Lifeguards

    Professional Divers

    Workplace Fitness Programs

    Overview and Summary

    Chapter 9. Special Populations

    Young People

    Women

    Elderly People

    Athletes With Disabilities

    Match Officials

    Overview and Summary

    Chapter 10. Clinical Aspects

    Predispositions to Injury

    Musculoskeletal Loading

    Overreaching

    Warming Up and Cooling Down

    Recovery Process

    Prophylactic Measures

    Supplements in Clinical Contexts

    Artificial Neural Networks

    Overview and Summary

    Chapter 11. A Holistic and Nutritional Ergonomics Perspective

    Participatory Ergonomics

    Human Enhancement Technologies

    Performance and Cognitive Enhancement

    Historical Perspective on Drug Use

    From Clinic to Gymnasium

    Nutritional Supplements and Over-the-Counter Drugs

    Global Ergonomics

    Overview and Summary

    Afterword

    References

    Index

    About the Author

    About the Author

    Thomas Reilly, PhD, DSc, FErgS, FIBiol, was a professor of sport science in the Research Institute for Sport & Exercise Sciences at Liverpool John Moores University in Liverpool, United Kingdom. Reilly’s research focused on the field of sport ergonomics. He conducted research for a wide range of companies and organizations, including GlaxoSmithKline, Mars, the Football Association, the International Olympic Committee, Health and Safety Executive, the European Commission, and various professional soccer clubs and equipment manufacturers. In 2008, Reilly and his research team were awarded the President’s Medal from the Ergonomics Society.

     Reilly was a founding member of the European College of Sport Science, established in 1996. He was also a founding member of the Society of Sports Science, which became the British Association of Sport & Exercise Sciences. He was a fellow of the Ergonomics Society, the Institute of Biology, the European College of Sport Science, and the British Association of Sport & Exercise Sciences. Reilly was the founding editor of the Journal of Sports Sciences, holding this position from 1982 to 1997. He served as an editor for special issues in sport ergonomics for the Journal of Applied Ergonomics and Ergonomics.

     From 1992 to 2005, he was the chair of the Exercise Physiology Steering Group of the British Olympic Association. Reilly also served as chair of the British Association of Sport & Exercise Sciences from 1994 to 1996 and as chair of the Scientific Committee of the European College of Sport Science from 2003 to 2008.

     Tom Reilly passed away on June 11, 2009, as this book was nearing publication.

    Reviews

    “The book shines. I have not found any other book that interweaves two concepts [sport science and ergonomics] so successfully.”

    —Doody’s Book Review (5-star review)