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Assessment and Treatment of Muscle Imbalance:The Janda Approach

Assessment and Treatment of Muscle Imbalance:The Janda Approach

The Janda Approach

$125.95 CAD


Product Format

    Assessment and Treatment of Muscle Imbalance: The Janda Approach blends postural techniques, neurology, and functional capabilities in order to alleviate chronic musculoskeletal pain and promote greater functionality. Developed by Vladimir Janda, respected neurologist and physiotherapist , the Janda approach presents a unique perspective to rehabilitation. In contrast to a more traditional structural view, the Janda approach is functional—emphasizing the importance of the sensorimotor system in controlling movement and chronic musculoskeletal pain syndromes from sports and general activities. Assessment and Treatment of Muscle Imbalance: The Janda Approach is the only text to offer practical, evidence-based application of Janda’s theories.


    Filled with illustrations, photos, and step-by-step instructions, Assessment and Treatment of Muscle Imbalance uses a systematic approach in presenting information that can be used in tandem with other clinical techniques. This resource for practitioners features the following tools:

    --A rationale for rehabilitation of the musculoskeletal sytem based on the relationship between the central nervous system and the motor system --A systematic method for the functional examination of the muscular system --Treatment processes focusing on the triad of normalization of peripheral structures, restoration of muscle balance, and facilitation of afferent systems and sensorimotor training --The role of muscle imbalance and functional pathology of sensorimotor systems for specific pain complaints, including cervical pain syndrome, upper- and lower-extremity pain syndromes, and low back pain syndromes


    Assessment and Treatment of Muscle Imbalance provides an evidence-based explanation of muscle imbalance. The step-by-step Janda system of evaluation is explained—including analysis of posture, balance, and gait; evaluation of movement patterns; testing of muscle length; and assessment of the soft tissue. The text explores treatment options for muscle imbalance through facilitation and inhibition techniques and sensorimotor training to restore neuromsucular function. It also includes four case studies examining musculoskeletal conditions and showing how the Janda approach compares with other treatments. This text combines theory, evidence, and applications to assist clinicians in implementing the Janda approach into their practice.


    Assessment and Treatment of Muscle Imbalance: The Janda Approach focuses on the neurological aspects of muscle imbalance that are common causes of pain and dysfunction in sports and occupational activities. By distilling the scientific works of Vladimir Janda into a practical, systematic approach, this unique resource will assist health care providers in treating patients with musculoskeletal complaints as well as exercise professionals in developing appropriate exercise prescription and training programs.


    A reference for physical and manual therapists, athletic trainers, personal trainers, massage therapists, chiropractors, and physiatrists. A textbook for physical therapy students learning theory and application of skills for care in rehabilitation of muscle imbalance.

    Part I. The Scientific Basis of Muscle Imbalance

    Chapter 1. Structural and Functional Approaches to Muscle Imbalance

    Intrinsic Versus Extrinsic Fuction

    Muscle Balance in Function and Pathology

    Muscle Imbalance Paradigms


    Chapter 2. The Sensorimotor System

    Sensorimotor Hardware and Software

    Neuromuscular Aspects of Postural Stability and Joint Stabilization

    Pathology in Proprioception


    Chapter 3. Chain Reactions

    Articular Chains

    Muscular Chains

    Neurological Chains


    Chapter 4. Pathomechanics of Musculoskeletal Pain and Muscle Imbalance

    Pathology of Musculoskeletal Pain

    Pathomechanics of Muscular Imbalance

    Causes of Muscle Tightness and Weakness

    Janda’s Classification of Muscle Imbalance Patterns


    Part II. Functional Evaluation of Muscle Imbalance

    Chapter 5. Posture, Balance, and Gait Analysis

    Muscle Analysis of Standing Posture

    Evaluation of Balance

    Evaluation of Gait


    Chapter 6. Evaluation of Movement Patterns

    Janda’s Basic Movement Patterns

     Additional Movement Tests Complementary to Janda’s Tests

    Selected Manual Muscle Tests


    Chapter 7. Muscle Length Testing

    Muscle Length Assessment Technique

    Lower-Quarter Muscles

    Upper-Quarter Muscles



    Chapter 8. Soft-Tissue Assessment

    Characteristics of Trigger Points

    Assessment of Trigger Point or Tender Point Chains




    Part III. Treatment of Muscle Imbalance Syndromes

    Chapter 9. Normalization of Peripheral Structures

    Central Indirect techniques

    Local Direct techniques


    Chapter 10. Restoration of Muscle Balance

    Factors Contributing to Muscle Weakness

    Additional Treatment Techniques for Muscle Weakness

    Factors Contributing to Muscle Tightness

    Additional Treatment Techniques for Muscle Tightness


    Chapter 11. Sensorimotor Training

    Role of Sensorimotor Training in Janda’s Treatment

    Sensorimotor Training Components

    Sensorimotor Training Progression


    Part IV. Clinical Syndromes

    Chapter 12. Cervical Pain Syndromes

    Regional Considerations

    Common Pathologies

    Case Study


    Chapter 13. Upper-Extremity Pain Syndromes

    Regional Considerations


    Common Pathologies

    Case Study


    Chapter 14. Lumbar Pain Syndromes

    Regional Considerations

    Common Pathologies

    Sacroiliac Dysfunction


    Management of Low Back Pain Syndromes

    Case Study



    Chapter 15. Lower-Extremity Pain Syndromes

    Regional Considerations


    Common Pathologies

    Case Study


    Phil Page, MS, PT, ATC, CSCS, trained under the guidance of Dr. Vladimir Janda and has taught the Janda approach at national and international workshops. A certified kinesiotaping practitioner, Page is currently working toward his doctorate in kinesiology at Louisiana State University in Baton Rouge, where his research focuses on EMG and muscle imbalance. He is also director of clinical education and research for Thera-Band products.


    Page and his wife, Angela, live in Baton Rouge with their four children. In his free time, he enjoys spending time with his family, fishing, and cooking.


    Clare C. Frank, DPT, is an orthopedic clinical specialist in private practice in Los Angeles. She serves on the clinical faculty for Kaiser Permanente Movement Science Fellowship in Los Angeles. She also serves as a guest lecturer at the local universities and teaches throughout the United States and internationally.   


    Frank studied under and taught with Dr. Vladimir Janda. She is a certified instructor of the Janda approach to musculoskeletal pain syndromes, a certified kinesiotaping practitioner, and a certified instructor of Kolar’s approach to dynamic neuromuscular stabilization.


    Frank is board certified in orthopedic physical therapy and a fellow of the American Academy of Orthopedic Manual Physical Therapy.

    Robert Lardner, PT, was born in Nigeria in 1961. His first career was as a professional ballet and modern dancer after studying at the Rambert Academy outside London, England. He graduated from the department of physical therapy, Lund’s University, Sweden in 1991. He studied with Professors Janda, Lewit and Kolář from the Czech Republic, who are pioneers of functional rehabilitation and manual medicine.


    Lardner worked in several inpatient and outpatient rehabilitation facilities in Sweden prior to moving to the United States in 1992. He was a staff physical therapist at McNeal Hospital, Clearing Industrial Clinic, and a physical therapy supervisor at Mercy Hospital. He also was in charge of physical therapy services at a number of private outpatient and sports clinics.


    Lardner is currently in private practice in Chicago and teaches various rehabilitation seminars throughout the United States and Europe.

    “A practical text for clinicians treating patients with musculoskeletal complaints.”

    SciTech Book News (March 2010)

    “An excellent book and a fitting tribute to Janda - well done! I attended several of Janda's courses in the UK over a period of many years and his influence on my professional life was significant.”

    Christopher Norris, PhD, MSc, MCSP, MBAcC -- Director of Norris Associates

    "This would make a useful addition to every clinician’s library—especially physical therapists, chiropractors, osteopaths, and all those using hands-on therapies."

    Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies

    "…a thorough, well-organized, and well-written summary of the Janda approach to muscle imbalance."

    Journal of Orthopedic and Sports Physical Therapy

    "With its modest price tag and practical insights of both assessment and treatment of muscle imbalance, I would recommend this book to any practitioner or student planning to treat MSK disorders."

    Manual Therapy

    This book "provides a lot of useful information that is different from the typical treatment approaches taught in most physical therapy schools and it can only help give clinicians insights that may help them treat their patients."

    Orthopedic Physical Therapy Practice

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