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Physical Activity and Mental Health eBook

Physical Activity and Mental Health eBook

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    Ebook

    With contributions from internationally renowned experts, Physical Activity and Mental Health presents research illustrating how the use of physical activity can enhance well-being and reduce the impact of potentially debilitating mental health conditions. Written for students, researchers, and professionals in exercise science, fitness, and health care fields, Physical Activity and Mental Health details the factors that influence the relationship between mental health and physical activity as well as the benefits of physical activity in dealing with mental illnesses such as Alzheimer’s disease, depression, schizophrenia, and addictive behaviors. Readers will learn how promotion of physical activity can lead to a greater sense of well-being or act as a medical intervention. Exercise readiness checklists, mental health checklists, and population-specific sample activity plans assist in creating and implementing exercise programs to meet the needs of patients or clients.

    Physical Activity and Mental Health begins with an exploration of the brain systems that are affected by physical activity and how these affect mental well-being. The text continues with discussion of the following topics:
    • An overview of physical activity guidelines and the challenges in measuring physical activity in a mental health context
    • How physical activity promotes well-being across the life span and among socioeconomic statuses
    • How physical activity and exercise can improve quality of life and recovery in people with a range of mental and physical health conditions
    • An examination of exercise dependence, including its relationship with eating disorders and body dysmorphia and the negative impacts of excessive exercise on mental health
    Learning features in each chapter assist both the student and practitioner in learning and referencing the information. A chapter outline and an editors’ introduction provide an overview of the structure and content. Key concepts cover important ideas and definitions. Evidence to Practice boxes review current knowledge and theory from a perspective of practical application. Each chapter concludes with a summary and list of references, and additional highlight boxes throughout the text accent important topics.

    Physical Activity and Mental Health integrates theoretical and applied approaches with practical tips on exercise programs, measurement strategies, and methodological considerations. Balancing theory and practice, this resource assists students, researchers, and practitioners in understanding the links between physical activity, well-being, and mental health and how to apply this information for the benefit of patients and clients across a range of populations and conditions.

    Audience

    Textbook for upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in sport and exercise, physical activity, or health degree programs; reference for exercise instructors, personal trainers, medical doctors, and mental health practitioners.

    Table of Contents

    Preface

    Part I: Introduction to Physical Activity and Mental Health

    Chapter 1. Relationship Between Physical Activity and Mental Health  
    Angela Clow, PhD, and Sarah Edmunds, PhD
    1. Science of Well-Being
    2. Relationship Between Well-Being and Mental Health
    3. Physical Activity as a Complex Behaviour
    4. Biological Foundations of Effects of Physical Activity on Mental Health
    5. Summary
    6. References

    Chapter 2. Physical Activity Guidelines and National Population-Based Actions
    Fiona Bull, PhD, and Adrian Bauman, PhD
    1. Population-Based Approach for Promoting Physical Activity
    2. Physical Activity Guidelines
    3. Development of the First National Physical Activity Guidelines
    4. Current Best Practice in Developing Guidelines
    5. Global, Regional and National Physical Activity Guidelines
    6. Implementation and Influence of Physical Activity Guidelines
    7. Summary
    8. References

    Chapter 3. Challenges in Measuring Physical Activity in the Context of Mental Health
    Natalie Taylor, PhD
    1. Types of Measurement Information
    2. Factors That Affect Method Choice
    3. Challenges in Measuring Physical Activity in a Mental Health Context
    4. Available Methods for Measuring Physical Activity
    5. Summary
    6. References

    Part II: Factors Influencing the Interaction Between Mental Health and Physical Activity

    Chapter 4. Social Class Relationships in Physical Activity and Mental Health
    Mark Hamer, PhD
    1. Inequalities in Social Health
    2. Social Class and Exercise
    3. Nature Versus Nurture
    4. SES Mechanisms Linking Physical Activity and Health
    5. Public Health Interventions
    6. Summary
    7. References

    Chapter 5. Physical Activity and Self-Esteem
    Magnus Lindwall, PhD, and F. Hülya A?ç?, PhD
    1. Multidimensional Hierarchical Model of Self-Concept
    2. Physical Self
    3. Global Self-Esteem and Physical Self-Esteem Across the Life Span
    4. Causality of the Relationship Between Physical Activity and Self-Esteem
    5. Biopsychosocial Model of the Relationship Between Exercise and Physical Self
    6. Implications for Practitioners and Researchers
    7. Summary
    8. References

    Chapter 6. Effects of Overtraining on Well-Being and Mental Health
    John S. Raglin, PhD, Gregory Wilson, PED, and Goran Kenttä, PhD
    1. Paradox of Increased Training and Decreased Performance
    2. Signs and Symptoms of Overtraining Syndrome
    3. Treatment of Overtraining Syndrome
    4. Prevalence and Susceptibility in Athlete Samples
    5. Early Detection Using Physiological Measures
    6. Early Detection Using Psychological Measures
    7. Summary
    8. References

    Chapter 7. Physical Functioning and Mental Health in Older Adults
    Donald H. Paterson, PhD, and Juan M. Murias, PhD
    1. Physical Activity and Mortality
    2. Physical Activity, Functional Abilities, Independence and Well-Being Into Older Age
    3. Physical Activity, Cognitive Function and Mental Health in Older Adults
    4. Physical Activity Guidelines for Older Adults
    5. Aerobic Exercise-Training Interventions
    6. Strength-Training Interventions
    7. Exercise-Training Interventions and Cognitive Function
    8. Exercise Programmes for Older Adults
    9. Summary
    10. References

    Chapter 8. Impact of Physical Activity on Mental Health in Long-Term Conditions
    Sarah Edmunds, PhD, and Angela Clow, PhD
    1. Long-Term Conditions and Mental Health Issues
    2. Long-Term Conditions and Quality of Life
    3. Long-Term Conditions and Physical Activity
    4. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
    5. Diabetes
    6. Cancer
    7. Summary
    8. References

    Part III: Physical Activity and Mental Health Conditions

    Chapter 9. Depression and Anxiety
    Amanda Daley, PhD
    1. Evidence Linking Depression and Exercise
    2. Exercise and Postnatal Depression
    3. Exercise and Antenatal Depression
    4. Exercise and Anxiety
    5. Exercise for Treating Depression and Anxiety
    6. Exercise Versus Conventional Treatment for Depression and Anxiety
    7. Promoting Exercise in the Treatment of Depression and Anxiety
    8. Summary
    9. References

    Chapter 10. Dementia and Alzheimer's Disease
    Juan Tortosa Martinez, PhD
    1. Risk Factors and Pathophysiology for Dementia and Alzheimer's Disease
    2. Need for Interventions
    3. Physical Activity and the Prevention of Dementia and Alzheimer's Disease
    4. Exercise Conditions Effective at Delaying the Onset of Dementia
    5. Mechanisms by Which Physical Activity May Affect Dementia
    6. Physical Activity for Attenuating the Progression and Symptoms of Dementia and Alzheimer's Disease
    7. Physical Activity Interventions in Dementia and Alzheimer's Disease
    8. Summary
    9. References

    Chapter 11. Schizophrenia
    Guy Faulkner, PhD, and Paul Gorczynski, MA
    1. Schizophrenia and Physical Health
    2. Self-Report Physical Activity Measures in Schizophrenic Populations
    3. Factors That Influence Physical Activity in Schizophrenic Populations
    4. Physical Activity Interventions in Schizophrenic Populations
    5. Promoting Exercise in the Treatment of Schizophrenia
    6. Summary
    7. References

    Chapter 12. Addictive Behaviour
    Michael Ussher, PhD
    1. Links Between Physical Activity and Addictive Behaviours
    2. Mechanisms Underlying the Role of Physical Activity in Treatments for Addiction
    3. Physical Activity Interventions for Addictive Behaviours
    4. Designing a Physical Activity Programme for Individuals With Addictions
    5. Summary
    6. References

    Chapter 13. Exercise Dependence, Eating Disorders, and Body Dysmorphia
    Brian Cook, PhD and Heather Hausenblas, PhD
    1. Exercise Dependence
    2. Eating Disorders and Body Dysmorphia
    3. Impact of Exercise Dependence on Well-Being and Health
    4. Relationship Between Exercise Dependence and Eating Disorders
    5. Models of Exercise Dependence and Eating Disorders
    6. Exercise in Body Dysmorphia
    7. Strategies for Minimizing the Risk of Exercise Dependence
    8. Summary
    9. References

    Epilogue. Recommendations for Research, Policy and Practice
    Angela Clow, PhD, and Sarah Edmunds, PhD
    1. Recommendations for Priorities in Future Research
    2. Recommendations for Policy Development
    3. Recommendations for Daily Practice

    Index
    About the Editors
    About the Contributors

    About the Editor

    Angela Clow, PhD, is a professor of psychophysiology in the department of psychology at the University of Westminster (London, United Kingdom). She also serves as the head of the department of psychology and leader of the psychophysiology and stress research group. Clow has garnered international acclaim for her research in the biological foundations of mental health. In 2002 she received the National Teaching Fellowship Award.

    Sarah Edmunds, PhD, is a research fellow in the department of psychology at the University of Westminster. Edmunds is a BPS-chartered psychologist and HCPC-registered sport and exercise psychologist. She is well regarded as both a researcher and teacher in sport and exercise psychology.

    As research partners, Clow and Edmunds combine their expertise in the areas of mental health and sport and exercise psychology to bring unique insight to the exploration of the connections between physical activity and mental health.