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Outdoor Program Administration eBook

$69.95 CAD

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    Outdoor recreation programming is a growing and diverse field that requires administrators to be ready to work in complex and multidisciplinary environments. Outdoor Program Administration: Principles and Practices will help both seasoned and new administrators—as well as students and emerging professionals—flourish in various settings, including university, military, government, commercial, and nonprofit organizations.

    You’ll learn the best contemporary administrative strategies and practices from veteran professionals from the Association of Outdoor Recreation and Education (AORE). The AORE authors provide extensive coverage of all aspects of administrative duties and responsibilities from a diverse organizational setting.

    Outdoor Program Administration: Principles and Practices guides you in developing and sustaining programs in outdoor recreation settings across public, private, and nonprofit sectors. You will reap the benefits of the experience shared by the AORE authors, who also provide questions and critical thinking exercises that will enhance the materials and deepen your understanding.

    This reference explores all the issues pertinent to being a successful outdoor program administrator. The book has four sections: Outdoor Program Foundations, Program Design and Implementation, Staffing Considerations, and Facilities and Programs. Topics you’ll delve into include

    • designing and developing programs;

    • risk management and legal considerations;

    • budgeting and financial operations;

    • marketing and land access (permits);

    • environmental stewardship;

    • staff recruitment, supervision, training, and assessment; and

    • management of indoor climbing walls and challenge courses.

    Outdoor Program Administration: Principles and Practices presents material that will help you improve your administrative skills and enhance the programs you oversee. As such, it’s an essential book for your professional library.


    Reference for outdoor program professionals in university, military, nonprofit, and other settings and for outdoor professional employers. Text for college and university students.

    Table of Contents


    Part I. Outdoor Program Foundations

    Chapter 1. The Outdoor Program Administrator
    Geoff Harrison, MS, and Mat Erpelding, MA
    Outdoor Program Administration Defined
    Outdoor Program Administrator Defined
    Skill Sets for Outdoor Program Administrators
    Administrative Competence
    Acquiring Skills
    Professional Maintenance
    Administrative Challenges

    Chapter 2. History of Outdoor Recreation in the United States: An Outdoor Program Administrator’s Perspective
    Steven P. Guthrie, PhD, Bryan J. Cavins, EdD, and Jerome Gabriel, MEd
    The Beginnings of Environmentalism and Outdoor Recreation: 1825 to 1880
    The Beginnings of a Profession: 1880 to 1920
    National Environmental Consciousness and Outdoor Recreation Evolves: 1920s to 1960s
    Adventure Programming Emerges: 1960s to 1990
    Outdoor Adventure Programming Today (1990 to Present)

    Chapter 3. Dimensions of Outdoor Recreation Programs
    Todd Bauch, MEd, and Steve Hutton, MA
    Three Service Sectors of Outdoor Recreation Programs
    Common Programmatic Types
    Common Facilities or Resources of Outdoor Programs
    Outdoor Program Administrative Structures and Models

    Chapter 4. The Future of Outdoor Program Administration
    Laurlyn K. Harmon, PhD, and Susan L. Johnson, MS
    Evolving Participant Characteristics
    Professionalization of the Field: Standards, Certifications, Accreditation
    Youth and the Outdoors
    Technology and the Outdoors
    Collaborations and Partnerships
    Outcome Assessment

    Part II. Program Design and Implementation

    Chapter 5. Administrative Risk Management
    Mat Erpelding, MA, and Geoff Harrison, MS
    Terms and Definitions of Risk Management
    Creating a Comprehensive Risk-Management Plan

    Chapter 6. Designing and Developing Outdoor Recreation and Education Programs
    Todd Miner, EdD, and Heidi Erpelding-Welch, MS
    Mission Statement
    Strategic Plan
    Dealing With Change: Evolve to Survive and Thrive

    Chapter 7. Legal Considerations in Outdoor Recreation
    Brent Wilson, JD, and Tracey Knutson, JD
    Legal Definition (Elements) of Negligence
    Negligence and Related Theories of Liability
    Defenses Against Negligence
    Role of Insurance in Legal Liability Matters

    Chapter 8. Budgeting and Financial Operations of Outdoor Programs
    Tim J. Moore, MS, and Geoff Harrison, MS
    Budget Components
    Budget-Development Strategies
    Forecasting Expenses and Revenue

    Chapter 9. Marketing Outdoor Programs
    Geoff Harrison, MS, and John McIntosh, PhD
    Marketing Basics
    Identifying the Market
    Marketing Mix
    Developing a Marketing Plan
    Marketing Methods

    Chapter 10. Access and Permitting for Use of Public Lands
    Rachel M. Peters, MA
    Outdoor Programs on Public Lands
    Permitting Defined
    Management Agencies and Regulations
    Permitting Tips

    Chapter 11. Environmental Stewardship
    Whitney Ward, PhD, and Will Hobbs, PhD
    History of Environmental Stewardship in the United States
    Major Impacts of Recreation Today
    Applied Environmental Stewardship
    Integration of Environmental Stewardship and Recreation

    Chapter 12. Developing Policies, Procedures, and Guidelines for Outdoor Programs
    Mat Erpelding, MA, Curt Howell, MA, and Brien Sheedy, MA
    Characteristics of Quality Policy, Procedure, and Guideline Documents
    Considerations Specific to Developing Policies and Procedures
    Developing Administrative Policies and Procedures
    Developing Field Policies and Procedures

    Part III. Staffing Considerations

    Chapter 13. Staff Recruitment and Supervision
    Jeff Turner, PhD, and Leigh Jackson-Magennis, MEd
    Human Resource Planning
    Staff Selection
    Staff Supervision

    Chapter 14. Staff Training
    Bruce Saxman, MA, and Tom Stuessy, PhD
    Needs Assessment
    Staff-Training Progression
    Staff-Training Assessment
    Mechanisms for Training Assessment and Evaluation of Staff
    Staff-Training Designs: Integrated Training Model
    Activity-Specific Training
    Staff Appraisal

    Chapter 15. Staff Assessment
    Jenny Kafsky, PhD, and Mark Wagstaff, EdD
    The Basics and Purpose of Staff Assessment
    An Effective Environment for Assessment
    Assessment Criteria
    Assessment Tools
    An Effective Assessment System

    Part IV. Facilities and Programs

    Chapter 16. Rental Operations
    Rob Jones, MS
    Rental Center Operations

    Chapter 17. Indoor Climbing Walls
    John Bicknell, MA, and Guy deBrun, MS
    History of Artificial Climbing Walls
    Climbing Wall Facilities and Construction
    Climbing Wall Activities
    Climbing Wall Management

    Chapter 18. Challenge Course Management
    Christina Carter Thompson, MS, and Adam Bondeson, BA
    Challenge Terms
    Challenge Course Program Design and Outcomes
    Primary Influences on Challenge Programming
    Challenge Course Facilities
    Designing and Choosing a Course
    Bidding Process
    Building Process
    The Challenge Course Administrator
    Organizational Support and Resources

    Chapter 19. Land-Based Programming
    Curt Howell, MA
    Incident Prevention and Incident Response
    Cost Analyses
    Determining Learning Outcomes
    Risk Management
    Caving Programs
    Ski Programs

    Chapter 20. Water-Based Programming
    Chris Stec, BS, and Geoff Harrison, MS
    Incident Prevention and Incident Response: Needs Assessment
    Water-Based Programming: Flat Water
    Water-Based Programming: Moving-Water and Whitewater Venues
    Water-Based Programming: Open Water

    Chapter 21. Special Events Programming
    Brent Anslinger, BS, and Amy Anslinger, BS
    Special Event Options
    Risk Management for Special Events and Competitions
    Assessing and Planning for Your Event
    Managing the Event
    Developing Timelines for Successful Events
    Putting the Planning Into Motion

    References and Resources
    About the Editors
    About the Contributors

    About the Author & Editor

    The Association of Outdoor Recreation and Education (AORE) provides opportunities for professionals and students in the field of outdoor recreation and education. AORE’s mission is to exchange information; promote the preservation and conservation of the natural environment; and address issues common to college, university, community, military, and other not-for-profit outdoor recreation and education programs.

    Geoff Harrison, MS, has been working in the field of health and recreation for over 20 years and has been fostering student and staff development at Boise State University since 1998. Geoff serves as the associate director of education and recreation at Boise State University, where he oversees multiple programs and service areas, department partnerships, and initiatives. He also serves as an adjunct faculty for the department of kinesiology. Prior to his work at Boise State, Geoff worked in the fields of publishing, event promotion, and domestic and international adventure travel.

    Geoff has served the Association of Outdoor Recreation and Education as a committee chair, board member, conference host, and interim national director. In 2010, Geoff was the recipient of the Association of Outdoor Recreation and Education’s Jim Rennie Leadership Award.

    Mat Erpelding, MA, has been working in the field of physical education and outdoor leadership for over 15 years. Currently, he teaches at the College of Western Idaho in the physical education department and at Boise State University in the leadership studies minor. Additionally, Mat guides mountain climbers and teaches courses for the American Alpine Institute and teaches wilderness medicine courses for the Wilderness Medicine Training Center. Before making the transition to outdoor education, Mat worked as a developmental therapist and in the mental health industry.

    Mat is a past president of the Association of Outdoor Recreation and Education and served on committees and the board of directors and as a conference host. In 2006, Mat was the recipient of the Association of Outdoor Recreation and Education’s Jim Rennie Leadership Award, and in 2010 he received the Instructor of the Year Award from the Wilderness Education Association.

    Mat and Geoff co-own Experiential Adventures LLC. They provide training and consulting services to organizations that foster leadership development, help organizations manage change, develop positive organizational cultures that promote success, and build professionalism in outdoor programs through trainings and certifications.