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Biomechanical Analysis of Fundamental Human Movements

Biomechanical Analysis of Fundamental Human Movements

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    Unlike previous biomechanics texts that have taken a mechanical concept and identified activities in which the concept is implicated, Biomechanical Analysis of Fundamental Human Movements takes a contrary approach by focusing on the activities and then identifying the biomechanical concepts that best facilitate understanding of those activities. Superbly illustrated with more than 140 figures depicting the critical points of biomechanical analysis, this two-color text is an invaluable tool for those pursuing the study of advanced quantitative biomechanics. It presents a clear introduction to the principles that underlie all human motion and provides a complete study of fundamental human movements and their components.

    Teachers of human movement, safety equipment designers, rehabilitation specialists, and students performing advanced research in the area of human biomechanics will appreciate the scientific and mathematical focus in the text. This focus allows readers to gain an understanding of human biomechanics that will enhance their ability to estimate or calculate loads applied to the body as a whole or induced in individual structures.

    Biomechanical Analysis of Fundamental Human Movements begins with a discussion of the principles of biomechanics and then continues into more advanced study involving the mechanical and mathematical bases for a range of fundamental human activities and their variations, including balance, slipping, falling, landing, walking, running, object manipulation, throwing, striking, catching, climbing, swinging, jumping, and airborne maneuvers. Each activity is analyzed using a specific seven-point format that helps readers identify the bimechanical concepts that explain how the movements are made and how they can be modified to correct problems. The seven points for analysis are aim, mechanics, biomechanics, variations, enhancement, safety, and practical examples that move from the simple to the more complex. More than 140 figures illustrate the points of analysis throughout the the text, providing readers with a clear depiction of both the mechanics and mathematics involved in human movements.

    The logical and sequential presentation of concepts in Biomechanical Analysis of Fundamental Human Movements is complemented by pedagogical elements that reinforce and expand the readers' understanding. Within each chapter, key points and highlight boxes summarize critical information, and recommended readings provide easy access to related reference material. For quick reference, students can refer to the glossary and the appendix containing a guide to key symbols representing mechanical variables and mechanical formulae. In addition, the text features more than 60 problems with answers, categorized by mechanical concept, for readers to test their understanding of biomechanical analysis.

    Biomechanical Analysis of Fundamental Human Movements provides a complete understanding of this branch of human biomechanics using mechanical, mathematical, and biological definitions and concepts. Its focus on fundamental human activities develops advanced analytical skills and provides a unique and valuable approach that facilitates mastery of a body of information and a method of analysis applicable to further study and research in human movement.


    An upper-undergraduate or graduate-level text for students in advanced biomechanics courses. A reference for professionals studying human movements, such as biomechanists, motor behaviorists, ergonomists, safety equipment designers, and rehabilitation specialists.

    Table of Contents

    Part I.

    Chapter 1. Biomechanical Structures of the Body
    The Frame
    Joint Lubrications
    Muscles and Tendons

    Chapter 2. Essential Mechanics and Mathematics

    Chapter 3. Foundations of Movement
    A Simplified Representation of Muscular Action
    Biomechanical Properties of Muscle
    Use of Muscular Force
    Muscular Work
    Rotational Effect of Force
    Forces Acting on a Body Segment
    Role of Biarticular Muscles

    Part II.

    Chapter 4. Balance
    Aim of Standing
    Mechanics of Standing
    Biomechanics of Standing
    Variations of Standing
    Enhancement of Standing
    Safety of Standing
    Aim of Toppling Avoidance
    Mechanics of Toppling
    Biomechanics of Toppling
    Variations of Toppling
    Enhancement of Toppling Avoidance
    Toppling Safety

    Chapter 5. Slipping, Falling, and Landing
    Aim of Slipping Avoidance
    Mechanics of Slipping
    Biomechanics of Slipping
    Variations of Slipping
    Enhancement of Slipping Avoidance
    Slipping Safety
    Aim of Falling and Landing
    Mechanics of Falling and Landing
    Biomechanics of Falling and Landing
    Variations of Falling and Landing
    Enhancement and Safety of Falling and Landing

    Chapter 6. Walking and Running
    Aim of Walking
    Mechanics of Walking
    Biomechanics of Walking
    Variations of Walking
    Enhancement and Safety of Walking
    Aim of Running
    Mechanics of Running
    Biomechanics of Running
    Variations of Running
    Enhancement of Running
    Running Safety

    Chapter 7. Jumping
    Aim of Jumping
    Mechanics of Jumping
    Biomechanics of Jumping
    Variations of Jumping
    Enhancement of Jumping
    Jumping Safety

    Chapter 8. Object Manipulation
    Aim of Gripping
    Mechanics of Gripping
    Biomechanics of Gripping
    Variations of Gripping
    Enhancement and Safety of Gripping
    Aim of Pulling and Pushing
    Mechanics of Pulling and Pushing
    Biomechanics of Pulling and Pushing
    Variations of Pulling and Pushing
    Enhancement and Safety of Pulling and Pushing
    Aim of Lifting and Lowering
    Mechanics of Lifting and Lowering
    Biomechanics of Lifting and Lowering
    Variations of Lifting and Lowering
    Enhancement and Safety of Lifting and Lowering
    Aim of Carrying
    Mechanics of Carrying
    Biomechanics of Carrying
    Variations of Carrying
    Enhancement and Safety of Carrying

    Chapter 9. Throwing, Striking, and Catching
    Aim of Throwing and Striking
    Mechanics of Throwing and Striking
    Biomechanics of Throwing and Striking
    Variations of Throwing and Striking
    Enhancement of Throwing and Striking
    Throwing and Striking Safety
    Aim of Catching
    Mechanics of Catching
    Biomechanics of Catching
    Variations of Catching
    Enhancement of Catching
    Catching Safety

    Chapter 10. Climbing and Swinging
    Aim of Climbing
    Mechanics of Climbing
    Biomechanics of Climbing
    Variations of Climbing
    Enhancement and Safety of Climbing
    Aim of Swinging
    Mechanics of Swinging
    Biomechanics of Swinging
    Variations of Swinging
    Enhancement and Safety of Swinging

    Chapter 11. Airborne Maneuvers
    Aim of Airborne Maneuvers
    Mechanics of Airborne Maneuvers
    Biomechanics of Airborne Maneuvers
    Variations of Airborne Maneuvers
    Enhancement of Airborne Maneuvers
    Safety in Airborne Maneuvers

    About the Author

    Arthur E. Chapman, PhD, is professor emeritus in the School of Kinesiology at Simon Fraser University in Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada, where he has taught and researched since 1970. Chapman has published more than 35 articles and presented more than 45 papers for refereed conferences, seminars, and workshops throughout the world. His research interests have included validation and modification of mechanical models of human muscle by means of direct observation in vivo and the mechanical properties of squash balls, rackets, and shoes and their implications for manufacturing and strategy in the game. His current interest is in computer simulation of control and performance of sporting movements, kinematic and kinetic criteria of skills involving gross body movements, and the modeling of human bodily motion using external inputs of force and internal inputs of muscle force.

    At Simon Fraser University, Chapman has served as a member of the University Ethics Committee as chair of the Departmental Safety Committee and chair of the Human Movement Stream for the Undergraduate Curriculum Committee. Chapman is a past member of the Canadian Association of Sports Sciences and a founding member of both the Canadian Society of Biomechanics and the International Society of Biomechanics.

    Between 1997 and 2000 Chapman served as an interviewer for the University of British Columbia Medical Admissions Board. As a biomechanist, he has served as an expert witness in numerous court cases throughout Canada providing human biomechanical analysis of automobile accidents, sports injuries, trips, and falls.

    Chapman received his PhD in biomechanics in 1975 from the University of London, England. A 1965 Fulbright scholar, Chapman was also selected as the Rosenstadt Research Professor for the University of Toronto in 1992.

    Chapman has been involved in rugby and track and field at a representative level and at an A level in squash. Currently he is a daily average golfer who declares to be improving.