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Advanced Cardiovascular Exercise Physiology PDF

Advanced Cardiovascular Exercise Physiology PDF

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    Written for students and professionals working within exercise science and related health professions, AdvancedCardiovascular Exercise Physiology systematically details the effect of acute and chronic exercise training on each component of the cardiovascular system: the heart, the vasculature, and the blood (including blood clotting factors). Readers will gain a comprehensive understanding of the cardiovascular system and learn how to apply this knowledge to their work with athletes, other active individuals, and patients who have cardiovascular risk factors.

    Advanced Cardiovascular Exercise Physiology highlights the complex interaction of the components of the cardiovascular system both at rest and during exercise. Using the latest scientific and medical research, this text presents engaging discussion of cardiovascular responses and adaptions to both acute and chronic aerobic and resistance exercise training. In addition, specific attention is paid to the beneficial effects of exercise on the components of the cardiovascular system and the mechanisms through which regular exercise provides cardioprotection.

    Each chapter contains a summary to highlight key content, important terms bolded within the text for quick reference, and a key terms section at the end of each chapter defining all the bolded terms. In addition, sidebars within each chapter describe real-world examples and applications. Richly illustrated, Advanced Cardiovascular Exercise Physiology uses extensive figures and graphics to elucidate physiological mechanisms and to depict exercise responses and training adaptations.

    This text is divided into two sections, beginning with a concise explanation of the structure and function of each component of the cardiovascular system. In the second section, readers encounter detailed discussion of the acute and chronic effects of aerobic and resistance exercise on cardiac function, vascular function, and hemostatic variables.

    Advanced Cardiovascular Exercise Physiology provides a framework for understanding how the components of the cardiovascular system cooperate to support exercise and how those components adapt to and benefit from a systematic program of exercise training. By presenting current research that elucidates the specific effects and benefits of exercise on the cardiovascular system, Advanced Cardiovascular Exercise Physiology also offers readers possible future directions for research.

    Human Kinetics’ Advanced Exercise Physiology series offers books for advanced undergraduate and graduate students as well as professionals in exercise science and kinesiology. These books highlight the complex interaction of the various systems both at rest and during exercise. Each text in this series offers a concise explanation of the system and details how each is affected by acute exercise and chronic exercise training. Advanced Cardiovascular Exercise Physiology is the second volume in the series.

    Table of Contents

    Section I: Cardiovascular Physiology

    Chapter 1: Essentials of the Cardiovascular System

    Components of the Cardiovascular System

    Cardiovascular Response to Exercise


    Chapter 2: Heart as a Pump

    Gross Anatomy of the Heart

    Cardiac Cycle

    The Ventricular Pressure-Volume Loop

    Cardiac Output

    Distribution of Cardiac Output

    Coronary Blood Supply

    Measuring Cardiac Function


    Chapter 3: Cardiac Myocytes

    Microscopic Anatomy of Cardiac Myocyte

    Excitation Contraction Coupling (ECC)

    Mechanisms of Contraction

    Metabolic Requirements


    Chapter 4: Electrical Activity of the Heart

    Ion Basis of Electrical Activity

    Resting Membrane Potential

    Action Potential

    Conduction System of the Heart

    Autorhythmicity of Conduction Cells

    Pacemakers of the Heart

    Control of Heart Rate

    Other Heart Rate Control Mechanisms

    Heart Rate Variability


    Chapter 5: The Electrocardiogram

    The ECG Tracing

    Measuring the ECG

    Measuring heart rate

    Cardiac rhythms

    ST-Segment Changes (Ischemia)


    Chapter 6: Hemodynamics and Peripheral Circulation

    The Pressure Differential

    Flow Velocity

    Poiseuille’s Law

    Blood Flow

    Arterial Blood Pressure

    Pulse Waves and Wave Reflections

    Blood Pressure Measurement

    Control of Vasoconstriction and Vasodilatation

    Reflex Control of Blood Pressure and Vasomotion


    Chapter 7: Vascular Structure and Function

    Structure of Blood Vessels

    Vascular Network


    Endothelium Regulation of Vascular Tone

    Vascular Smooth Muscle

    Measuring Endothelial and Vascular Function


    Chapter 8: Hemostasis: Coagulation and Fibrinolysis

    Vascular Injury




    Assessing Hemostasis


    Section II: Exercise Physiology

    Chapter 9: Cardiovascular Responses to Acute Aerobic Exercise

    Cardiac Responses to Acute Aerobic Exercise

    Vascular Response to Acute Aerobic Exercise

    Hemostatic Responses to Acute Aerobic Exercise


    Chapter 10: Cardiovascular Adaptations to Aerobic Training

    Cardiac Adaptations to Aerobic Training

    Vascular Adaptations to Aerobic Training

    Hemostatic Adaptations to Aerobic Training


    Chapter 11: Cardiovascular Responses to Acute Resistance Exercise

    Cardiac Responses to Acute Resistance Exercise

    Vascular Response to Acute Resistance Exercise

    Hemostatic Responses to Acute Resistance Exercise


    Chapter 12: Cardiovascular Adaptations to Resistance Training

    Cardiac Adaptations to Resistance Training

    Vascular Function

    Hemostatic Adaptations With Resistance Training



    Denise L. Smith, PhD, is a professor in the department of health and exercise sciences and the class of 1961 term professor at Skidmore College. She also holds an appointment as a research scientist at the University of Illinois Fire Service Institute. She received her PhD from the University of Illinois in exercise physiology in 1990. For nearly two decades, Smith has conducted scientific research on cardiovascular responses to exercise. Her research is focused on the physiological strain associated with heat stress, with a specific emphasis on cardiovascular and thrombotic responses to firefighting. She has led several federally funded research projects dealing with the cardiovascular strain of firefighting.

    Smith has published studies on heat stress, cardiovascular function, and the physiological aspects of firefighting in numerous peer-reviewed scientific journals, including the American Journal of Cardiology, Medicine and Science inSports and Exercise, Ergonomics, Journal of Thermal Biology, and Aviation, Space and Environmental Medicine. Smith has collaborated extensively with fire service organizations, has served in leadership roles in the American College of Sports Medicine, and is a member of the American Physiological Society.

    Bo Fernhall, PhD, is a professor in the department of kinesiology and community health at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He received his PhD in exercise physiology from Arizona State University in 1984. Fernhall has nearly 30 years of experience in cardiovascular research, with a current focus on how exercise and diet affect heart, arterial, and autonomic function. He also directed cardiovascular rehabilitation programs for over 20 years, combining research and clinical experience.

    Fernhall is a fellow of the American Heart Association, the American Association of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation, and the American College of Sports Medicine. He was elected to the American Academy of Kinesiology and Physical Education in 2005. He has won several national research awards, most recently the G. Lawrence Rarick National Research Award in 2006 for his research on the benefits of exercise in people with disabilities. Fernhall has published over 160 peer-reviewed manuscripts in scientific journals, including the American Journal of Cardiology, Amercan Journal of Hypertension, American Journal of Physiology, Atherosclerosis, European Heart Journal, and Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise.


    “[This book] is well written and supported with up-to-date, peer-reviewed literature... It is a quick read due to its clear and concise style and should be kept as both a hands-on resource guide and a primary textbook for the classroom.”

    — Doody’s Book Review (5-star review)