Assessment and Treatment of Muscle Imbalance: The Janda Approach blends postural techniques, neurology, and functional capabilities in order to alleviate chronic musculoskeletal pain and promote greater functionality. Developed by Vladimir Janda, respected neurologist and physiotherapist, the Janda approach presents a unique perspective to rehabilitation. In contrast to a more traditional structural view, the Janda approach is functional—emphasizing the importance of the sensorimotor system in controlling movement and chronic musculoskeletal pain syndromes from sports and general activities.
This free chapter, Pathomechanics of Musculoskeletal Pain and Muscle Imbalance, begins by reviewing the pathology of musculoskeletal pain. Next, the pathomechanics of muscle imbalance are presented with a discussion on tonic and phasic muscle systems and faulty movement patterns. The chapter then describes possible causes of muscle tightness and weakness and concludes with Janda's classification of muscle imbalance syndromes.